Obesity refers to the excessive accumulation of fat throughout the body. It is important to treat (manage) it as obesity may have an adverse effect on one’s health.
It is a well-established fact that obese people are highly likely to succumb to medical conditions such as heart diseases, diabetes, sleep apnoea and many more. But, this danger can be put away if just two basic aspects of health are kept in mind. They are:
For those who have failed to keep their weight managed, there are several treatment methods that are available from dietary changes to surgery. Some have been explained below.
Dietary modifications: Weight loss is a continuous process, which can usually be achieved by eating 500 to 1,000 fewer calories daily. It is an individual’s preference to choose eating less fat or carbohydrates. For instance, fats have more than twice as many calories per ounce than carbohydrates or protein, but if you cut out carbohydrates from the diet, you still need to limit fat and choose healthy fats, such as mono-saturated and polyunsaturated oils.
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Regular exercise: People trying to lose weight must engage in doing exercises of moderate intensity to burn the calories. Light to moderate physical activity can help one lose weight over a period of time, while high intensity training brings results faster.
Weight-loss pills: These include orlistat (Xenical), which decreases the absorption of dietary fat by 30%; amphetamine derivatives and sibutramine (Meridia). To help you lose weight, your doctor may prescribe medications along with a calorie-restricted diet. Regrettably, almost all the people regain weight when they stop using these medications. The effects of long-term use of these drugs have not been determined.
There are many over-the-counter diet pills available for weight loss. These contain ingredients that can increase heart rate and blood pressure. These are not recommended as these are associated with several side-effects, such as feeling jittery, nervous and having heart palpitations. Diet pills with other ingredients may also elevate blood pressure. Some experts believe that the diet pills may be linked with an increased risk of stroke.
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Weight-loss surgery: Weight loss surgery is done when obesity is severe (a BMI greater than 40). Besides surgical procedure to cut the flab off, doctors recommend limiting the amount of food the body can digest. One such surgery is gastroplasty, also known as stomach stapling, in which a surgeon creates a small pouch in the stomach that allows only limited amount of food to be eaten at one time. This procedure can be done using a laparoscope.
The safest and healthiest way to treat obesity is to exercise and make the necessary lifestyle modifications as recommended by your doctor.
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