How Does Obesity Affect Diabetes?
Many studies have shown a link between obesity and type 2 diabetes, which is the type of diabetes in which the patients do not depend on insulin. Diabetes type 2 is also known as adult onset diabetes but it is being diagnosed in adolescents and children more and more. Obesity affects diabetes type 2 when although the insulin producing capability of the body is not disabled, the interference caused by the obese condition does not allow it to be used in the normal manner. [Read: Relation between Obesity and Diabetes]
Although excess weight is unhealthy for everyone, and not just diabetics, the disease can lead to severe and even life threatening complications. If diabetes combines with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, and with metabolic disorders, it can be fatal. Losing weight reduces the risk of complications associated with metabolic disorder. Moreover, loss of weight has also been found to even reverse diabetes in some people. In these cases, it was clear that the excess body weight of the person was the real culprit in causing the disease, as it prevented the body from using its own insulin.
Obesity and diabetes connection is evident from the fact that the first treatment of diabetes prescribed by most doctors, besides managing blood glucose, is to control weight and reduce it. It naturally helps to get better glucose control as the body immediately starts to respond better to insulin. [Read: Diet Dos and Don'ts for Diabetics]
In the young people, prevention of diabetes depends on good diet, reduction of weight and exercise. All these treatment options are based on management of obesity. Thus, it can be safely said that obesity is a precondition of diabetes and if you become more obese, it is likely to worsen your condition of diabetes. [Read: Be Active to Control Diabetes]
How obesity causes diabetes
Obesity leads to the formation of free and complex fats in the bloodstream. It can make the arteries hard. Moreover, your blood pressure is also likely to rise with increased production of a substance known as angiotensinogen. Both these factors, i.e. the hardened arteries as well as the increase in level of angiotensinogen in the blood can lead to hypertenstion. [Read: Relation between Obesity and Diabetes]
Now, as hypertension, plaque formation and insulin resistance are the result of high blood glucose, these can result in kidney damage. After damage to the kidney, blood pressure is raised even more and hence, the condition of patient plummets even further. It is clear that the presence of complex fats can worsen the condition of diabetes. Such fats are the result of obesity.
As obesity has direct impact on diabetes and on most occasions it is the precursor of diabetes, you need to control your weight to prevent its onset.
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Source: Onlymyhealth editorial team Aug 28, 2012
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