There are several causes of hearing loss. Hearing loss happens as you get older or if you are around loud noises a lot. You might not be aware that diabetes also increases your risk for hearing loss. A crucial aspect of your diabetes management is controlling your blood sugar. This can also protect your hearing. According to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health, adults with diabetes have hearing loss about twice as frequently as those without the disease.
The Link Between Diabetes and Hearing Loss
Health professionals are unsure of the precise cause of hearing loss in people with diabetes. However, studies show that diabetes can cause nerve damage in numerous regions of the body, including the hands, feet, eyes, and kidneys. It might also harm your ears' nerves.
Small blood vessels and nerves in the inner ear might get damaged over time by high blood sugar levels. Over time, low blood sugar can harm the way your inner ear and brain communicate via nerve signals. Hearing loss can result from both kinds of nerve injury.
Diabetes doubles the risk of hearing loss compared to those of the same age without the disease. According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, 30% more hearing loss occurs in prediabetics than in those with normal blood sugar levels. Prediabetes is when blood sugar levels are above normal but not yet high enough to cause type two diabetes.
Risk Factors For Hearing Loss
Ageing is one more risk factor for hearing loss, while exposure to loud noise on a regular basis is another reason. Even your genetics impact your hearing. A few illnesses including multiple sclerosis, mumps, meningitis, measles, and stroke also pose the risk of hearing loss. Anti-inflammatory medicines, antibiotics, and diuretics are some examples of medications that should be avoided since they may permanently harm your ears. Other than these factors, your hearing can be impacted in case of any head injury.
Diagnosis of Hearing Loss
Following are some signs of hearing loss:
- Asking people to repeat themselves frequently.
- Difficulty keeping up with interactions involving many people.
- The belief that other people are murmuring.
- Facing difficulty in hearing people in noisy environments, such as crowded restaurants or public places.
- Difficulty hearing the soft voices of others, especially little children.
- Increasing the TV or radio volume to a level that becomes uncomfortable for others.
- Impacted balance due to inner ear issues.
How to Take Care of Your Ears When You are Diabetic?
First of all, maintain your blood sugar as near as you can to the desired values. Get your ears examined by a doctor every year. Avoid loud noises and other sources of hearing loss. Consult your doctor to learn more about your treatment options and whether any medications you are currently taking could harm your hearing.
People who have diabetes or prediabetes must manage their blood sugar levels and undergo routine hearing tests. A person should see a doctor as soon as they notice any hearing loss symptoms in order to determine the cause and begin any necessary treatments.
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