Preventive Measures For Headaches Due To Hypertension

Hypertension can cause headaches in some patients. Here are some preventive measures that you can follow. Read on.

Navya Kharbanda
Written by: Navya KharbandaPublished at: May 09, 2022Updated at: May 09, 2022
Preventive Measures For Headaches Due To Hypertension

Hypertension or high blood pressure can cause several health problems. It is a common issue that affects a lot of people worldwide. This condition can also lead to headaches. To reduce the severity and frequency of headaches, you should avoid any triggers. It is also important to keep your blood pressure levels checked regularly. But, is there actually a link between headaches and high blood pressure? Read the article further to know from an expert.

Onlymyhealth started a campaign Focus of the month, in which we are focusing on various categories every month to spread more awareness. This month's focus is 'Healthy Living' and since hypertension is common among people, we will be talking about headaches due to this condition in this article. We spoke to Dr. Sanjay Mittal, Director Clinical and Preventive Cardiology, Heart Institute, Medanta Hospital, Gurugram, South Delhi, to know about some preventive measures for headaches due to hypertension.

Hypertension headaches


Dr. Sanjay said, "According to the American Heart Association (AHA), headaches are not a symptom of hypertension except in the situation of a hypertensive crisis. There is no direct link between high blood pressure causing headaches. This can happen if blood pressure raises to 180/120 mm Hg or higher." However, in a hypertensive crisis or malignant hypertension, pressure in the cranium constructs due to the sudden rise in blood pressure suddenly upto serious levels. The headache caused by this is similar to any other type of migraine or head pain. However, it cannot be treated by simple pain relieving medications.

Also read: Reasons Why People Develop High Blood Pressure. Know Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension

Tips to prevent headache due to hypertension

There are some lifestyle choices that can impact both high blood pressure and headaches. One needs to take steps to reduce stress and improve blood circulation. According to Dr. Sanjay, here are some tips to prevent headaches due to hypertension:

1. Exercise

Regular exercise is one of the most important lifestyle habits to manage your blood pressure. Hypertension symptoms can be prevented and tackled by maintaining a workout routine. If you indulge in any form of exercise such as swimming, cardio, strength training, all of them can improve circulation, prevent obesity and keep the blood pressure levels balanced.

2. Restrict smoking

Smoking is one of the most common causes of both headaches and spike in blood pressure levels. Hence, say a big no to cigarette smoking! If you quit smoking, it will reduce the risk of hypertension, heart disease and improve overall health. Smoke can inflate your blood pressure more than the normal levels.

3. Avoid alcohol

hypertension headache

Avoid the consumption of alcohol even if you have hypertension problems or not. Taking alcohol in moderation is fine, but do not have it daily. Drinking a lot of alcohol can have an impact on your muscles in the blood vessels, making them more narrow. The more alcohol you drink the greater the risk of developing hypertension and headaches caused by it.

4. Avoid packaged, high sodium and oily foods

Avoid eating packaged, canned and too much oily foods. Instead, eat green leafy vegetables and fresh seasonal fruits. Being overweight can also trigger a spike in blood pressure levels. Consume a good amount of proteins, fiber and low fat dairy products to maintain a balanced and healthy diet. In addition, make sure to avoid food items with high sodium content.

Also read: What Is Tension Headache? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Pain Management Tips

5. Relax

Going for a walk early morning can reduce stress and prevent hypertension headaches. To relax your body and mind, you can practice meditation, yoga and engage yourself in calming activities. You can even indulge into activities such as taking care of plants, a hobby or aromatherapy. Relaxing yourself plays a major role in minimising stress and blood pressure levels.

6. Keep a check on blood pressure

Even if you develop a headache or not, you need to keep a check on your blood pressure levels. Consult a specialist immediately if the levels are raised. If you keep taking your hypertension medication on time, then this is very less likely to happen. You can easily prevent such headaches by managing your blood pressure levels, at a normal average of less than 120/80 mmHg.