Diabetics are prone to develop foot problems because they are often afflicted by a condition called peripheral neuropathy, this results in a loss of sensation in your feet. The serious problem that this condition can lead to is that your foot injuries can go unnoticed. It can lead to skin inflammations. Moreover, as infections take longer to heal in diabetics, they can grow deep into the tissues. In some cases, the infection gets so exacerbated that amputation is the only resort the doctors are left with.
Dos of diabetic foot care
- Use mild and lukewarm water to wash your feet. Make sure you keep the area between your toes dry as when moist, these spots can become infected.
- Prevent the growth of ingrown toenails by cutting them straight across. Ask for advice from your doctor about the safety of trimming your nails by yourself.
- Wear socks that have an acrylic bend. These are well suited to diabetics but they should avoid socks that have been mended with seams. The seams can rub against the skin and lead to blisters and other skin inflammations.
- One of the good ways to keep your feet in good condition is to walk. It is one of the best exercises for diabetics for their overall health. It is also good for their feet. They just need to make sure that the shoes that they wear are appropriate. Consult with your podiatric physician to know about the suitable shoes.
- Your diabetic shoes should be comfortable at the time of purchase. The general idea of pinching new shoes would not work for you. Even if you ensure that comfortable shoes are picked, wear them for short intervals for starters. Shoes with canvas upper sole, the right size of length and width for your foot, and with space to shift around should be preferred. They should be sturdy and have proper cushioning.
Don’ts of diabetic foot care
- Never go out barefoot as it increases the chances of getting a foot injury.
- Avoid shoes with pointed toes, high heels or sandals. Such footwear cause undue pressure on your foot and can lead to disorder of bones and joints.
- Do not smoke or drink for the sake of your feet. The nerve damage caused by alcohol contributes to the problem of diabetic foot. Smoking reduces blood flow to the feet.
- Don’t wear tight-fitting clothes. Dresses such as panty girdles, thigh-highs or knee-highs, and dress socks in men restrict blood flow to the legs.
- Do not wear shoes that have seams, torn areas or rough pieces in them. These can lead to infections.
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