Gynaecological Cancer Awareness Month: 6 Different Types You Should Be Aware Of

There is a dire need to spread awareness regarding gynaecological cancers in women which comprises of six types of cancers.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Sep 16, 2022Updated at: Sep 16, 2022
Gynaecological Cancer Awareness Month: 6 Different Types You Should Be Aware Of

Gynecologic cancer means any type of cancer that begins in a woman's reproductive organs. These can occur in or on a woman’s reproductive organs and even genitals including the vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Each gynecologic cancer is unique with different warning signs, symptoms, risk factors, and different management strategies. A majority of women have chances of developing gynaecological cancers, and the risk increases as they become older. When gynaecological cancers are found early, treatment is possible and one can improve the quality of life. In this article, Dr. Surabhi Siddhartha, Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Kharghar, has listed six types of gynaecological cancer that every woman should know about.

Uterine/endometrial cancer

This is seen when cells grow too rapidly on the lining of the uterus, potentially spreading to other parts like the uterine wall or cavity. The most common kind of uterine cancer is known as endometrial carcinoma. Uterine sarcoma (sarcoma grows in the body's connective tissue cells) is rarely seen.

Cervical cancer

This cancer starts in the cervix. The cervix connects the vagina and the uterus. Cervical cancer is caused by sexually transmitted human papillomavirus or HPV. It is one of the most common types of cancers that a woman suffers from. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy. Do regular screening to prevent this type of cancer.

Also Read: Regular Screening Can Lower The Risk Of Cervical Cancer

Types of Gynaecological Cancer

Vaginal cancer

This is a rare occurrence, and typically originates in the lining of the vagina. Most cases require surgery or even chemotherapy. Precancerous lesions of the vagina can also be tackled with surgery. The HPV vaccine can be beneficial in preventing some vaginal cancers.

Ovarian cancer

This happens when there is growth of cells that forming on a woman’s ovaries. The cells tend to multiply quickly and can invade and destroy healthy body tissue. The treatment for ovarian cancer is often surgery  and even chemotherapy.

Also Read: 5 Signs of Ovarian Cancer You Should Watch Out For Early Detection

Gynaecological Cancer

Primary peritoneal cancer

This cancer type is known as a relative of epithelial ovarian cancer, but it can impact women who have had their ovaries removed. It usually is seen when cells in the peritoneum (a thin, protective tissue layer surrounding the abdomen) turn cancerous. One will have to either opt for surgery or chemotherapy to treat this type of cancer.

Vulvar cancer

This cancer happens on the outer parts of a woman’s genitalia, such as the labia. Treatment for it depends on the type and stage. Your doctor will be the right person to tell you about the treatment. 


There are different types of cancers that women may get. It is very important to be watchful towards the early signs of cancers. Women often ignore unusual signs and symptoms of cancers which then advances and reaches a critical stage. Negligence and lack of awareness are the two factors that should be held responsible for the rise in the cases of gynaecological cancers.

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