Dengue In Kids: What Special Care Needs To Be Taken In Babies And Children

Dengue is prevalent during monsoons and kids can become an easy target. Parents should watch out for signs and symptoms.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Aug 03, 2022Updated at: Aug 03, 2022
Dengue In Kids: What Special Care Needs To Be Taken In Babies And Children

Dengue is one of the fatal mosquito-borne diseases that is prevalent in India during monsoons. It is caused when dengue virus carrying mosquito bites a healthy person. Dengue is characterized by high fever and a sudden drop in platelets but the symptoms and their intensity vary in kids and adults. Dengue virus can keep a person ill for 10 to 14 days which can be really daunting for parents when their kids get infected with dengue. This article talks about dengue in kids and how parents should handle the situation.

Symptoms of dengue in kids

Symptoms of dengue are comparatively mild in kids as compared to adults. In fact, some kids do not show significant signs of dengue fever at all. Here are some potential symptoms of dengue in babies:

  • High fever for more than 5 days
  • Low body temperature(less than 96.8 degrees F)
  • Skin rashes
  • Vomiting multiple times a day
  • Bleeding gums and nose 
  • Feeling sleepy all the time
  • Irritability
  • Crying a lot

Toddlers and children may also exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Pain behind the eyes or light sensitivity
  • Headache
  • High fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint pain

Dengue In Kids

The symptoms of dengue in kids may develop a couple of days after getting bitten by the infected mosquito. Apart from the usual dengue symptoms, some kids may also experience issues like:

  • Patches on the body
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness
  • Inability to perform physical activities

Risk factors of dengue in kids

Parents should know that it is important to diagnose dengue on time and provide proper aid. Otherwise, it may develop severe complications called as dengue haemorrhagic fever. Only when you get the kid treated by a doctor, the symptoms can be managed and potential risks can be prevented. While dengue fever may subside in a few days, if your child is showing the following symptoms, it is an indication of something serious:

  • Cold sweaty skin
  • Vomiting a lot
  • Blood in stool and/or vomiting
  • Restlessness
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Breathing either very fast or slow
  • Abdominal pain
  • Liver failure

NOTE: Less than one year old babies and toddlers aged between 3-5 years are highly likely to get severe dengue. Thus, parents should be watchful towards the visible signs and symptoms of dengue in kids. Only immediate medical aid can reduce the risk of complications.

Also Read: Can Dengue Happen Twice? Know From Expert

Special care tips for kids with dengue

Dengue In Kids

Dengue can be mild to severe depending upon the symptoms. If your child is suffering from fever and weakness, it is okay. But if he/she develops more symptoms like joint pain, rashes on skin, etc. you must consult a doctor immediately and get tested for dengue. Also, do not give self-medication to kids as it can worsen their health. Here are some tips for parents to take care of their child with dengue:

  • Ensure that your child is resting well
  • Make him drink a lot of healthy fluids(preferably homemade juices and coconut water)
  • Children should eat light and healthy food
  • If your baby has got dengue, you should do frequent feeding to help them replenish fluids and get nutrients to recover
  • Give ORS to toddlers and children
  • Instead of giving medicines, use sponge or wet cloth to bring the fever down

Prevention is better than cure. It is always suggested that parents take extra care of their children during monsoons. Make them wear full-sleeved clothes, use mosquito repellents while going out, avoid going out in parks during evening and feed nutritious foods.

Image credits- freepik