Dengue Fever During Pregnancy: Risks, Care Tips and Treatment

If a pregnant woman gets infected with dengue, she may suffer critical complications. Here is how to prevent the situation.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Jul 23, 2022Updated at: Jul 23, 2022
Dengue Fever During Pregnancy: Risks, Care Tips and Treatment

Dengue season is here. Dengue fever is most prevalent during monsoons as this is the breeding season. Dengue fever can get mild to worse depending upon the infected person’s immunity. Since, the incubation period of dengue ranges from 2 to 12 days, it becomes difficult to diagnose the disease on time. It is more critical in pregnant women as the infection may be passed on to the baby in their womb. So, both prevention and treatment are extremely important for dengue in pregnancy. If you are pregnant, make sure to follow all the necessary hygiene and care tips to escape dengue and stay healthy during this peak dengue season.

Dengue is a serious infection that spreads after an Aedes Aegypti mosquito bites a healthy person. The symptoms are exhibited after some days or weeks. Pregnant women are at a greater risk of developing severe complications of dengue fever due to reduced immunity at the time of pregnancy. These include premature birth, stillbirth, respiratory and other health issues in the newborn. Therefore, mothers need to take utmost care and precaution during the monsoon season.(click here to know what to do when a pregnant woman gets dengue)

Risks and Complications of Dengue During Pregnancy

According to a study published in NCBI, pregnant women are at a risk of several health consequences after dengue infection. The research team analysed cases of 50+ dengue-positive pregnant women. The principal results showed a major risk of 41% of premature labour. The others risks and complications include premature delivery, brain hemorrhage during labour, foetal death, miscarriage, neonatal death and maternal-foetal transmission of dengue infection.

Also Read: Can Dengue Happen Twice? Know From Expert

Dengue Fever During Pregnancy

This data shows that dengue can be extremely daunting if not taken care of.

How To Prevent Dengue In Pregnancy

Since dengue poses double the risk(for mother and baby both), it is extremely important to take necessary steps for dengue prevention. Here are some tips that should be exercised to prevent dengue in pregnant mothers.

  • Avoid travelling to dengue-prone areas. There are certain places where the infection rate is higher. Make sure to check that before travelling to a place.
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes when going out in parks, especially during the evening when mosquitoes are highly active.
  • Apply and use mosquito repellents.
  • Hydrate yourself well and take nutritious diet.
  • Increase consumption of fluids and salts that allow fluid retention in the body.
  • Monitor your body temperature, blood pressure, blood sugar and platelet levels.
  • If you feel feverish, immediately consult a doctor and get tested for dengue and malaria.

Dengue Fever During Pregnancy

Treatment of Dengue

There is no vaccine for dengue yet and so, prevention and management are the only possible ways to avert dengue-related complications during pregnancy. If you get infected with dengue, here are some ways to fasten recovery.

  • Drink a lot of water. Dengue fever requires utmost hydration. Consume water, coconut water and fresh fruit juices to get both hydration and nourishment.
  • Take giloy water and papaya leaves juice to increase platelets that fall during dengue.
  • Take platelets test everyday until they are stable. If there is constant dip in platelets, hospitalization is required.
  • Consult your doctor for medicines to manage fever. These may also include painkillers, if you are experiencing body pain.

Conclusion

Dengue can be mild but if you don’t take proper care, it can cause serious health complications. So, stay preventive of dengue and ensure proper nutrition & hydration to boost recovery. If a nursing mother gets dengue, she should not stop breastfeeding her child as dengue doesn’t spread through breast milk. Feed formula milk only if the doctor forbids you from breastfeeding.

Image credits- freepik

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