COVID 19 was declared as PHEIC on Jan 30, 2020, which means it is mandatory to report to WHO each human and animal case. The WHO refers to the virus as “the virus responsible for COVID-19” or “the COVID-19 virus” when communicating with the public. Several healthcare experts are now pondering why coronavirus or COVID-19 is still not declared as a pandemic. Understanding further, as per WHO, an epidemic is the worldwide spread of a new disease and the ease with which it can spread from one person to the other. CDC terms a condition as pandemic when it spreads across several countries or continents, usually affecting a large number of people. A recent case of a 34-year-old Kerala man who returned from Coronavirus-hit Malaysia died with pneumonia and diabetic ketoacidosis in Ernakulam government hospital in Kochi a day after he tested negative for the deadly coronavirus. This is undoubtedly raising questions on whether deaths are primarily happening due to coronavirus or also due to anxiety?
As per Dr KK Aggarwal, President CMAAO, HCFI and Past national President IMA, coronxiety can be a thing too. “With the fear of getting in grip of coronavirus, there can be anxiety of getting this virus, reluctance in heading to hospitals for care, fear of losing out on essential work projects, etc. In this case, the fear of isolation is a major factor to enhance anxiety in those suspecting coronavirus.”
Here's what you need to know about this virus in detail:
As of today, 675 countries and all continents except Antarctica are under the scare of coronavirus. Also, as on Feb 14, 2020, 1,716 medical workers have contracted the virus, and six died in China. 1,502 were in Hubei Province, with 1,102 of them in Wuhan. As per cases witnessed till now, COVID-19 causes mild illness in 82%, severe illness in 15%, critical illness in 3% and death in 2.3 % cases. People with mild cases recover in about two weeks, while those who are sicker can take anywhere from three to six weeks to recover.
Following are some myths and questions answered by Dr KK Aggarwal:
Why elderly people are at risk?: The elderly and those with case history of other dieases may have a insuffiencient immune response, also known as the cytokine storm. This happens when immune cells are overproduced and flood into the lungs, causing pneumonia, inflammation and shortness of breath.
Does it affect all sexes? Till date, 56% of cases of coronavirus are males. Up till now, the death rate among men was 2.8 per cent, compared with 1.7 per cent among women.
What is the incubation period? Dr Aggarwal explains, “The incubation time is variable, 2-14 days (mean three based on 1,324 cases, 5.2 days based on 425 cases, 6.4 days in travellers from Wuhan).
Is Coronavirus A Zoonotic disease?
Before January 1, 2020, the 55 per cent cases have been linked to Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market. The Chinese government has banned wildlife trade until the epidemic passes. It has been witnssed that bats are the primary reservoir for the virus. SARS-CoV was transmitted to humans from exotic civet animals in wet markets, whereas MERS-CoV is transmitted from camels to humans. In both cases, the ancestral hosts were probably bats. Snakes and pangolins have been thought to be the intermediate host. One thing is clear the origin is from a mammal.
Some important tips on coronavirus prevention:
The Affected Respiratory Tract In Coronavirus
- Both upper and lower respiratory tract.
- URTI causes fever with a sore throat and mild cough.
- LRTI causes fever with cough and breathlessness.
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