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Premature Ageing: Common Causes And Prevention

 Premature ageing refers to the changes that occur earlier than anticipated and may be a little unexpected.

Varun Verma
Written by: Varun VermaUpdated at: Mar 13, 2023 17:11 IST
Premature Ageing: Common Causes And Prevention

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Premature ageing can be distinguished from regular ageing by the length of time. As you get older, your body's internal functions, like skin cell renewal and post-workout recovery, slow down. As a result, ageing symptoms, including wrinkles and fatigue, can develop. Premature ageing refers to changes that occur earlier than anticipated and may be unexpected. A person ages prematurely if his/her biological age (a prediction of your remaining age and the likelihood that you will develop an illness) is greater than the chronological age (time spent between your birth and the specified date). We spoke to Dr Kotla Sai Krishna, Consultant Dermatologist, Yashoda Hospitals, Hyderabad, to know more about the same. Here is what he shared:

Causes of Premature Ageing

Telomere shortening occurs as we age. According to reports, telomere shortening forecasts how quickly we will age. Genetics impact how quickly we age, as in many biological situations. Genetics impact how quickly we age, as in many biological situations. However, some lifestyle choices can hasten the telomere shortening process and, consequently, the rate at which we age or show indications of ageing. Telomere length has been linked in studies to our social and economic standing, as well as to our body weight, lifestyle habits, heredity, and the environment.

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Moreover, smoking has been linked to hastened skin ageing. Further investigation has revealed a link between smoking and hair loss. Smoking can harm your skin's collagen and elastin fibres, causing early ageing symptoms. Though smoking is a major cause of premature ageing,  lifestyle choices, including food, exercise, alcohol consumption, and stress, can also hasten the ageing process.

Signs and Treatment of Premature Ageing

Here are a few signs and treatments of premature ageing you must know:


To protect yourself from Ultraviolet (UV) radiation, use sunscreen every day with at least 30 Sun Protection Factors (SPF), and avoid direct sun exposure. When you walk outside, covering up yourself with a scarf or mask can help prevent sun tan. Sunspots can be treated with aloe vera, vitamin C, and alpha hydroxy acid-containing treatments. Clinical sunspot treatments include chemical peels, cryotherapy, and strong pulsed light therapy if other methods don't work.

Skinny Hands 

Start moisturising your hands frequently if they appear emaciated and have translucent, brittle skin and visible veins. You might not be able to avoid exposure to chemicals and pollutants completely if you often expose your hands to them while working or performing day-to-day tasks. Instead, try implementing changes, such as using gloves when washing the dishes or weeding the garden, etc. Chemical peels, dermal fillers, and laser therapy are a few clinical treatments for ageing hands.

Inflammation or Hyperpigmentation

Avoid exposure to the sun whenever you can, if you have skin discolouration. Apply sunscreen, moisturise the pigmented region often, and look for a lotion that contains retinoids or vitamin C. Your doctor may recommend certain products to address hyperpigmentation in the affected area.

Dry or itchy skin 

You can consult a dermatologist and rule out any other medical concerns if your skin is flaky, dry, and itchy. It will help if you focus on lifestyle factors after you are certain that your dry skin results from ageing rather than another condition. To keep your skin and body hydrated, drink more water. Use lukewarm water and take brief showers.

Wrinkles or Sagging Skin 

There are various options available if you notice wrinkles or drooping skin. Start using sunscreen with at least SPF 30 daily to protect your skin. You can reduce the amount of solar exposure by donning loose clothing that covers your limbs and caps with a brim. Quitting smoking can help avoid additional skin deterioration. Every day, moisturise your skin and drink sufficient water. Cosmetic products containing retinoids, vitamin A, vitamin C, and green tea extracts may be beneficial. If you want a more clinical approach, dermal fillers and botox treatments can make your skin look more lifted and less wrinkled.

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Hair Loss

Consider buying a shampoo and conditioner to address the problem if your hair is thinning or shedding more frequently. Start consuming a healthy and nourishing diet to nourish your hair from within. Incorporating a multivitamin or vitamin supplement in your diet will help in keratin production in your body.

Prevention of Premature Ageing

You can prevent premature ageing by following these expert-recommended tips. You should apply sunscreen not just on the face, but also on the neck, hands and other exposed areas of your body. Be sure to take off all the makeup before going to bed. Consume a healthy diet, and follow a good sleep schedule. Stay hydrated,  do mild exercises, quit smoking, and manage your stress levels.

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