Mastectomy vs. Lumpectomy for Early Breast Cancer: How to Choose

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Apr 13, 2015
Quick Bites

  • Both surgeries are offered in early stages of breast cancer.
  • It is patient’s personal decision to choose the type of surgery.
  • Survival rates of both surgeries are same.
  • Oncologists do not recommend radical surgeries.

The degree of how commonly breast cancer occurs could be measured by statistics that claim that over 2,00,000 women get diagnosed with early-stage of breast cancer every year. Therefore, they must choose amongst the countless number of treatments at the earliest.

Among numerous kinds of treatments available for breast cancer, there is mastectomy and a breast conserving surgery known as lumpectomy.

Breast Cancer Treatment

Which Treatment should one Choose?

So a question that pops up is "Which treatment should one go for?" When a woman is diagnosed with stage 1 or 2 breast tumour, which is not aggressive in nature, she may be offered both the above mentioned surgical options and may be left to choose the best.

A breast cancer surgeon at Sibley Memorial Hospital in the District of Columbia, Bonnie Sun says “once we determine that we can remove the tumor with clear cancer-free margins, we generally leave the choice up to the woman whether to have a lumpectomy or mastectomy without recommending one over the other. It becomes a personal decision, and the patient will have to decide, ‘what do I really want?’”

The Evidences

There is a large of number of evidences which indicate that the survival rates are the same in patients who undergo mastectomies and patients who choose lumpectomies along with breast radiation. For decades oncologists have been vouching for less radical surgery for women who are in the early-stage of breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Treatment

How to Determine the Best Option?

Before making a choice, ask yourself the following questions which will help you determine the best surgical option.
•    How much do you fear annual breast screenings and a potential new breast tumor?
•    How much do you want to avoid a painful recuperation?
•    Do you have concerns about radiation treatments?
•    How much importance do you place on breast appearance? On sexual pleasure?
•    What’s your life expectancy?

Image source: Getty Images

Read more on Breast Cancer.

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