A brain hemorrhage is a type of brain stroke. It's caused when an artery in the brain bursts and causes localised bleeding in and around the surrounding tissues of the brain. This bleeding kills brain cells which in turn gets fatal. Brain hemorrhages are also commonly known as cerebral hemorrhages, intracranial hemorrhages, and/or intracerebral hemorrhages. They also account for about 13% of strokes. Additionally, some brain hemorrhages can be disabling or life-threatening, it’s important to get medical help fast if you think someone is having one. When the blood from trauma irritates the tissues in the brain, it causes swelling around the area. This is also known as cerebral edema. The pooled blood collects into a mass known as the hematoma. This condition increases pressure on nearby brain tissue which reduces vital blood flow and kills the cells in the brain.
What causes the brain to bleed
- Head trauma
- High blood pressure
- Blood vessel abnormalities
- Liver damage
- Brain tumors
Symptoms of Brain Hemorrhage
In an exclusive interaction with OnlyMyHealth Dr. Kunal Bahrani, Director, Neurology Department, Fortis Escorts Hospital explains that the symptoms of a brain hemorrhage can vary from one individual to another. It totally depends on the location of the bleeding, the severity of the bleeding, and the amount of tissue affected in the body, brain or around the brain. However, the symptoms tend to develop suddenly only and may progressively worsen with time and intensity.
If you or someone you know exhibit any of the following symptoms, you may have a brain hemorrhage. This is a life-threatening condition, and you should consult a doctor immediately. The symptoms of brain hemorrhage include:
- A sudden severe headache all over or on the either side
- Seizures with no previous history of seizures
- Weakness in an arm or leg, followed by shivering or even fits
- Decreased alertness and lethargy
- Changes in vision and partial blindness
- Loss of consciousness
There are four types of brain bleeding; epidural bleed, subdural bleed, subarachnoid bleed, and intracerebral hemorrhage. It is usually caused by a sudden concussion caused by a less-serious head injury in someone who’s elderly or due to brain shrinkage due to dementia or an excessive alcohol use disorder.
Treatment Of Brain Hemorrhage
Once your symptoms are medically diagnosed, it is in the best interest that the doctor decides the treatment that suits the best. Doctors run a variety of imaging tests, such as a CT scan, which can reveal internal bleeding or blood accumulation, or even an MRI if required. A neurological exam or eye exam, which can show swelling of the optic nerve, may also be performed to gauge the best type of treatment.
How well a patient recovers from a brain hemorrhage entirely depends on the size of the hemorrhage and the amount of swelling. In some cases the patient recovers from medications and continuous monitoring. In case of severe clots, a surgery or an operation may also be performed.
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Prevention For Brain Hemorrhages
There is a high stance to prevent the brain from clotting and for a person to experience stroke. Here is how you can prevent your chances at brain hemorrhages:
- Treat blood pressure
- Cut down on drugs
- Don’t smoke
- Always wear a helmet and wear the seat belt