If the objects in the distance appear blurred to you or you have trouble seeing things when they are brought close up, you may have one of the two most commonly experienced vision problems:nearsightedness or farsightedness. These refractive errors are not always apparent, particularly if they occur in childhood. So, if a common question that you ask yourself is, "Am I nearsighted or farsighted?", let us help you name it.
If you experience problems seeing a movie or looking at the TV screen or a blackboard in a classroom, you could have one of the two problems. The eye sees by focusing light rays from an object of regard on to the retina. Refractive errors occur when light comes to focus in front of the retina instead of on the retina or the light that is focused in the eye lands behind the retina rather than on the retina.
Also referred to as myopia, nearsightedness is a refractive error in which light comes to focus in front of the retina instead of on the retina. With nearsightedness, objects held up close appear clearly but when placed far appear blurry. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), the condition is a result of an elongated eyeball or an overly curved cornea.
Also referred to as hyperopia, farsightedness is a refractive error opposite to that of myopia. A hyperopic is able to distant objects clearly but objects that are near aren’t as clear to their eyes. According to the American Optometric Association, the condition results from an eyeball that is too short or a cornea that is not sufficiently curved.
A comprehensive dilated eye examination under the supervision of an eyecare professional can diagnose refractive errors. If you are experiencing visual discomfort or blurred vision, you should see an eye care professional. See the doctor when you are experiencing the following symptoms.
Both nearsightedness and farsightedness can be treated with several options. Refractive errors can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses or surgery. Most nearsighted and farsighted people are able to see clearly with the correct diagnosis and treatment. Evaluate your options after talking to your optometrist or ophthalmologist.
People experience vision problems differently; some only have one refractive error while others may have both at the same time. For example – objects at any distance (near or far) appear blurry to those with significant farsightedness.
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