Are you holding the newspaper farther away from your eyes than you used to? Join the crowd—age can bring changes that affect your eyesight.
Some changes are more serious than others, but for many problems, there are things you can do to protect your vision. The key is to have regular eye exams so you can spot problems early. To prevent age-related eye problems. have your eyes checked regularly by an eye care professional—either an ophthalmologist or optometrist. People over age 65 should have yearly eye exams. During this exam, the eye care professional should put drops in your eyes that will widen (dilate) your pupils so that he or she can look at your inner eye. This is the only way to see some common eye diseases that have no early signs or symptoms. If you wear glasses, your prescription should be checked too.
See an eye care professional right away if you:
Protect your eyes from too much sunlight by wearing sunglasses that block ultraviolet (UV) radiation and a hat with a wide brim when you are outside.
Common Eye Problems
The following common eye problems can be easily treated. But, sometimes, they may be signs of other more serious issues.
Eye Diseases And Disorders
The following eye conditions can lead to vision loss and blindness. They may have few or no symptoms early on. Regular eye exams are your best protection. If your eye care professional finds a problem early, there are things you can do to keep your eyesight.
- Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD. AMD can harm the sharp vision needed to see objects clearly and to do common things like driving and reading. During a dilated eye exam, your eye care professional will look for signs of AMD. There are many treatments for AMD. If you have AMD, ask if special dietary supplements could lower your chances of it getting worse.
- Diabetic retinopathy. This problem may occur if you have diabetes. It develops slowly and with no early warning signs. If you have diabetes, be sure to have a dilated eye exam at least once a year. Keeping your blood sugar under control can prevent diabetic retinopathy or slow its progress. Laser surgery can sometimes prevent it from getting worse.
- Retinal detachment. THIS IS A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. When the retina separates from the back of the eye, it’s called retinal detachment. If you see new floaters or light flashes, go to your eye care professional right away. With surgery or laser treatment, doctors often can prevent loss of vision.
• Have trouble seeing well enough to do everyday tasks like reading, cooking, or sewing
• Can’t recognize the faces of friends or family
• Have trouble reading street signs
• Find that lights don’t seem as bright
If you have any of these problems, ask your eye care professional to test you for low vision. There are special tools and aids to help people with low vision read, write, and manage daily tasks. These include large-print reading materials, magnifying aids, closed-circuit televisions, audio tapes, electronic reading machines, and computers with large print and a talking function. Sometimes changing the type of lighting in your room can help.
Other changes that may help are:
Read more articles on Anti-ageing.
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