World Oral Health Day 2020: Oral Surgery and What You Need to Know About It

Oral surgeries are performed to treat some severe cases of periodontal disease, and if not done in time can cause complications in your teeth

 Onlymyhealth Staff Writer
Other DiseasesWritten by: Onlymyhealth Staff WriterPublished at: Jan 28, 2013Updated at: Mar 19, 2020
World Oral Health Day 2020: Oral Surgery and What You Need to Know About It

Oral surgery is a surgery performed in or around your mouth and jaw by a dental specialist who’s trained to perform oral surgeries. Many patients do not realize that dental surgery is quite common and includes procedures that many people have and suffer from. The surgery depends on the severity of your conditions.

Different Types of Oral Surgery

Oral surgeries depend on problems with teeth and gum. Letting them untreated can cause serious problems. They serve various extensive surgical services based on the are of speciality and patient needs. Some of them are-

Impacted Teeth


This is a dental problem that arises on the last molars or wisdom teeth and fails to ultimately surface. This occurs when the wisdom teeth are too big that there is not enough space to accommodate a third molar. Sometimes these teeth may erupt and not cause any issue, more often either they don’t erupt fully or aren’t correctly aligned. Due to this, they become impacted between the gums and the jawbone, affecting the health of surrounding teeth and bone.

Also Read: Oral Health Awareness: Know About The 5 Common Mouth Problems And Prevention Tips

Root canal

These are the most common types of dental surgery. Millions are treated each year, saving many teeth from extractions and relief from pain and sensitivity. They are effective and pain-free surgery. There is a softcore underneath a tooth’s enamel called dental pulp, which contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and tissue. The bacteria enter the tooth and damage the pulp when a tooth is decayed. This infected pulp causes dental pain, occasional swelling, and pain in your neck or jaw. The pain is treated by removing the decayed portion of the tooth and extracting the infected pulp.

Dental implants

This is the replacement for the root or roots of a tooth. They secure crowns to the jawbone using titanium and titanium alloy.  This implant is used to replace teeth due to decay, disease, oral cancer, or several causes like smoking or alcoholism. This is a long process type of surgery to ensure the bone is adequately fused before the tooth can be attached. A procedure is required in implants to be fitted with intimate contact with the bone. This requires two to six months for the bone to fuse before they can have tooth restorations attached to complete the process.


When there is damage due to any sports injury, work-related incidents, or any facial trauma, it can be scary. This treatment offers solutions for soft tissue injuries and fractures. The soft tissue injuries are trauma to skin or gums, such as cuts on the inside of the cheek, lips, or tongue. The fractures relate to the tiny bone tissue around your mouth and include reconstruction to the jawbone and teeth. If the facial injuries are severe, larger reconstructive surgeries go into the nasal cavities and the forehead.

Also Read: No Wires And No Pain, Dr Gupta Says To Opt For Invisible Braces Over The Conventional Ones

When do you need this surgery?


For procedures of tooth and jaw can go beyond the expertise of a general dentist so that you might need oral surgery. For example, if your wisdom teeth are impacted, removing them may require you to see an oral surgeon. Gum diseases or any pain then you’d be referred to a periodontist who performs those types of oral surgeries. The general dentist will talk to you about what oral surgeries you need.

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