5 Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Vitamin B12 is an important nutrient source for proper functioning of the body, including the formation of red blood cells. Lack of this vitamin type has certain signs and symptoms, which should not be ignored.

Vani Malik
Written by: Vani MalikUpdated at: Jun 28, 2019 14:56 IST
5 Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

It is essential for the body to have Vitamin B12 for a smooth functioning. This vitamin plays various roles in your body. It majorly works for the production of new red blood cells and DNA synthesis, hence making it extremely important for an individual to ensure taking a diet rich in Vitamin B12. This vitamin also promotes a healthy nervous system. It boosts energy and improves your memory. Vitamin B12 is also responsible for maintaining good muscle and bone health. Not just your bones and nervous system, vitamin B12 also maintains your mental health and prevents memory loss. Your body requires an adequate amount of vitamin B 12 on a regular basis. If you are confused that you are consuming enough vitamin B12 or not, there are certain symptoms that your body might show.

Weakness and constant fatigue

When your body suffers from vitamin B12 deficiency you may feel weak and tired all the time. As your body is not able to produce red blood cells you will feel fatigued because red blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen to the different body parts. Some people may also experience anemia. It is one of the earliest signs of vitamin B12 deficiency which is easily noticeable.

Also read: How long does Vitamin B12 Deficiency last?

Jaundiced skin

When you are vitamin B12 deficient your skin will become pale and yellow. The whites of the eye will also have a slight yellow tinge. This happens due to the less production of red blood cells. You can notice this change on your skin very easily. If you see too much yellowness on your skin, you should get yourself tested for jaundice.

Dizziness and changes in mobility

When your body does not get enough oxygen rich cells, you may experience dizziness as well. You will also notice difficulty in walking properly because of improper functioning of the nervous system. It may also affect your balance and coordination. You may also experience difficulty in breathing at some point or the other.

Also read: Tips to prevent Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Needle sensations

If you experience sensation of pins and needles then it is hinting you a long term vitamin B12 deficiency. It hints nerve damage due to long term vitamin B12 deficiency. If you are experiencing any such symptoms then you must visit your doctor. Your doctor will give you the exact reason behind the sensation and will also recommend you the required amount of vitamin B12 on daily basis.

Weak eyesight

As vitamin B12 is responsible for the proper functioning of the nervous system, you optic also gets affected when you do not consume enough vitamin B12. It disturbs the signals that travel from the eye to the brain, which further leads to impaired vision. This condition can be taken under control with proper intake of supplements.

Foods which are rich in vitamin B12 may include:

Vitamin B12 is naturally present in animal products like fish, meat, eggs, poultry and milk products. For vegetarians, fortified cereal is the best option. If you are experiencing these symptoms then you must pay a visit to your doctor. Make dietary changes or take supplements to fulfill the vitamin B12 requirement of your body.