Doctors recommend just symptomatic treatment for symptoms of cold or flu as both these infections are caused by viruses and there is no need for antibiotics. Most people with flu improve with symptomatic treatments but some may need anti-viral drugs. [Read: Tips to Get Rid of a Cold Quickly]
There is no medication or vaccine to prevent common cold. Common cold is a self-limiting illness that improves in a few days. Home remedies and treatments make you feel better while your body fights off the infection. Your doctor will recommend symptomatic treatment which includes:
Treatment for flu: Most people with flu also need symptomatic treatment such as rest, taking plenty of fluids (such as oral rehydration solution, fresh juice, soups, and coconut water), antipyretic such as acetaminophen to reduce fever, and tepid sponging to reduce high fever. For some people the doctor may recommend antiviral medications. The antiviral treatment for flu includes:
Amantadine and rimantadine are not recommended for prevention or treatment of flu any longer due to problems with resistance. Anti-viral drugs can help to shorten the duration of illness and may help you to get better a few days faster. These drugs are most effective when started within 1-2 days of start of symptoms. If you have symptoms of flu which do not improve with rest and symptomatic treatment, consult your doctor. [Read: Tips to Stay Healthy in Cold and Flu Season]
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