Typhoid fever is characterized by typical course of temperature (103-104°F) and ulceration of the bowels. The symptoms of typhoid develop gradually. It often starts one to three weeks after exposure to the disease but the symptoms may develop and progress quicker in children.
The symptoms of typhoid are high fever, diarrhoea or constipation, abdominal pain, headache, fatigue, malaise, weakness, cough, slowing of heart rate (bradycardia) and anorexia.
Children develop diarrhoea more often, whereas, constipation is more common in adults. Rash usually occurs in the second week of illness. They appear as small, flat, rose-colored spots on the lower chest or upper abdomen. Rashes last for a few days and generally disappear in two to five days.
If typhoid fever is not treated, the disease progresses and in the second stage the person is usually very ill and can experience:
By the third week of illness the infection worsens and you may have the following symptoms besides the above mentioned ones:
Life-threatening complications such as intestinal perforation and myocarditis may develop in the third week of illness. Improvement with treatment in typhoid fever is slow. The fever decreases gradually but it can return again if the treatment is not appropriate.
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