What is the Prognosis of Pericoronitis

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
Oct 11, 2012
4.8 / 5(4 Ratings)

Subscribe for daily wellness inspiration

Like onlymyhealth on Facebook!

Quick Bites

  • Pericoronitis does not cause any long-term effects.
  • Its prognosis is usually very good.
  • Pericoronitis can properly be managed or eliminated.
  • Rarely, the infection can spread into the head and neck.


Your wisdom teeth (third molars) usually start to erupt (enter your mouth) during the late teen years. Sometimes, there's not enough room for them. They may come into your mouth partially or not at all. Partial eruption of a wisdom tooth can create a flap of gum tissue next to the tooth. The flap can trap bits of food and debris. It can turn into a hotbed for bacteria. It's called pericoronitis if the tissue around the tooth becomes inflamed. Pericoronitis also can occur around a wisdom tooth that is still completely under the gums.

The prognosis for pericoronitis is usually very good. With timely care and treatment, pericoronitis can properly be managed or eliminated.

Prognosis of Pericoronitis

Rarely, the infection can spread from the mouth into the head and neck and cause a serious condition called "Ludwig's angina." This can be a life-threatening condition where the airway could be blocked. Also, spread of the infection to the bloodstream (sepsis) can be life-threatening.

Sometimes, mild symptoms of pericoronitis can be treated at home. Thorough and gentle brushing of the area with a small-headed toothbrush may help to break up the plaque or food that is trapped. Oral water irrigators can be effective in clearing out the debris trapped under the operculum as well. Rinsing with warm salt water can help to soothe the area. Additionally, diluted hydrogen peroxide can be used as a rinse or irrigating solution to help reduce the bacteria in the area.

For severe pericoronitis where swelling and fever are present, home treatments are not advised and proper care should be sought with the appropriate health care professional.

Image: Getty

Read more articles on Perocoronitis Diagnosis and Prognosis.



Related Articles
  • What is Pericoronitis?What is Pericoronitis?

    Pericoronitis is a bacterial infection of the tissue or gum that is located around the top of a wisdom tooth.

    read more
  • Signs and Symptoms of PericoronitisSigns and Symptoms of Pericoronitis

    Symptoms of Pericoronitis: Read article on various signs and symptoms of pericoronitis and possible causes of pericoronitis such as poor hygiene and mechanical trauma on molar tissues that can cause inflammation.

    read more
Write a Review

Related Questions

    Post a Comment
    Disclaimer +
    Though all possible measures have been taken to ensure accuracy, reliability, timeliness and authenticity of the information; Onlymyhealth assumes no liability for the same. Using any information of this website is at the viewers’ risk. Please be informed that we are not responsible for advice/tips given by any third party in form of comments on article pages . If you have or suspect having any medical condition, kindly contact your professional health care provider.