Pubic pain during pregnancy is caused due to condition known as 'Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction'. There is, however, no reason to worry as it is absolutely common and normal during pregnancy.
Pelvic pain is a common discomfort during pregnancy, and this all because your ligaments are stretching, hormone levels are changing and the organs are shifting around in order to make room for your baby to grow. It is however advisable that you get it checked by a professional as it could also indicate toward a more serious problem. You should therefore consult your doctor and learn to decode the aches and pains as you feel them.
In preparation of child birth, a hormone named relaxin is released which loosens and softens the ligaments. In general, it is agood thing as it makes delivery easier for both the mother and the baby.
During pregnancy, ligaments loosen up and the pelvic outlet widens to create space for baby’s head during delivery. In this process many ligaments in pelvis are stretched, especially the one at the centre of pubic bone (pubic symphysis). Simply stating pubic pain during pregnancy is mainly caused due to misalignment of pelvis and excessive movement of pubic symphysis.
Normally narrow midline cartilaginous joint can create a 2-3 mm gap between the bones. But during pregnancy when it becomes flexible the connective tissues can widen up to 9 mm. This ligament stretching is enough reason for discomfort and mild pain. But the trouble don’t stop there, weight of baby put added strain on muscles and can cause severe pain in front pubic area.
Experts are of view that ligaments can even stretch to the level that it become impossible to bear the growing weight. If you are experiencing pubic bone pain then it is always better to talk to your doctor about it.
Women with pelvic pain in pregnancy can have a normal normal birth, and you must plan ahead about it with you midwife or doctor. You should consult on birth positions that would be comfortable for you and get a birth plan done. Being in water could be a good choice as it would take the weight off from your joints and you will be allowed to move more easily, so water birth could be good for you.
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