A dental disorder in which gum tissue becomes swollen and infected around the wisdom teeth is known as pericoronitis. Wisdom teeth are the third and final sets of molars which mostly grows when a person is in their late teen or early twenties.
When the wisdom teeth erupt partially breaking through the gum, pericoronitis occurs. This opening allows bacteria to enter the tooth and leads to an infection. In many cases, food or plaque can get stuck underneath a flap of gum around the tooth. When the food particles stick around they can irritate the gum and lead to pericoronitis. When pericoronitis takes a serious shape, it may cause swelling and infection which may extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck.
Pericoronitis can be prevented. Maintain good oral hygiene and ensure that food particles and bacteria do not accumulate under the gums in erupting wisdom tooth. If this does not prevent pericoronitis, the overlying flap of gum tissue will have to be removed or in some cases, the wisdom tooth will have to be extracted.
Symptoms of perocoronitis can be:
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Read more on Pericoronitis Prevention.
Pericoronitis does not cause any long-term effects. If the affected tooth is removed or erupts fully into the mouth, the condition cannot return.read more
If pericoronitis is limited to the tooth, it can be managed with warm salt water rinse.read more