Haemophilia is a genetic disorder that prevents blood from clotting properly. In the condition, a coordinated series of chemical reactions are initiated when there is damage to tissue that can disrupt the blood vessels. This leads to bleeding and to the start of the process that can clot and stop the bleeding.
People with haemophilia bleed longer than usual. This bleeding can range from mild to severe. In severe cases, people with haemophilia can bleed to death. The symptoms of the condition may vary depending on the severity of the condition, the degree of blood clotting factor deficiency and the nature of any injury.
As of now, there is no definite strategy to prevent haemophilia in someone who inherits a defective gene. People with a family history of haemophilia can talk to a genetic counsellor to learn their risks of passing haemophilia to their children. A simple blood test is usually all that is necessary.
Those with haemophilia can help to prevent episodes of bleeding by avoiding injuries, accidents and excessive strain on the joints. An infant with haemophilia should have appropriate padding in his crib or playpen, and he should be supervised as he learns to walk. Children with the condition should avoid contact sports and physical education activities that have a high risk of trauma.
People with haemophilia must avoid aspirin and other medications that affect blood clotting. Haemophilia may patients may need a blood transfusion at some point, you should be immunized against hepatitis A and B, diseases that can be carried in blood products.