Why and How Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases Differ In Men and Women

Men and women show different symptoms of heart diseases. Read this article for detailed information.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Aug 25, 2022Updated at: Aug 25, 2022
Why and How Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases Differ In Men and Women

Human body has the same functions but it can work differently in individuals. Heart diseases are the same but their signs and symptoms can be different in different people, especially in men and women. There are various reasons why this happens but the primary reason is that the cardiovascular systems are different in men and women. A lot of people do not know this but women have smaller hearts as compared to men. Their blood vessels are also narrower which is why the progression and exhibition of symptoms differ in men and women. 

Why are signs of cardiovascular diseases different in men and women?

As mentioned above, the physiology and anatomy of male and female body are different. These biological differences make functions differ too. However, diagnostics and treatment is still given in the same manner.

Cholesterol buildup

Heart attacks happen when cholesterol gets accumulated around the arteries, affect blood flow and damage blood vessels. Cholesterol buildup occurs in different areas in men and women which is another reason for different occurrence of heart disease. In women, cholesterol buildup occurs in the smallest blood vessel in the heart(microvasculature) whereas in men it occurs in the largest arteries responsible for supplying blood to the heart.

How  Symptoms of Cardiovascular Diseases Differ

Let us now tell you the difference between symptoms of different heart diseases in men and women.

 signs of cardiovascular diseases different

Symptoms of heart attack

A heart attack is caused when your heart suddenly stops receiving blood. The warning signs of a heart attack are chest pain which can aggravate back, arm, shoulder and jaw pain. 

Difference- women are found to experience more symptoms of heart attack including nausea, lightheadedness, extreme tiredness, breathing issues etc. Researchers have found that men are more likely to suffer a heart attack at an early age and women get heart attack at an average of seven years later than men. Men who smoke, drink and have a family history of heart diseases have double the risk as others.

Symptoms of heart failure

why signs of cardiovascular diseases different

Unlike heart attack, heart failure is a chronic ailment that progresses gradually. When the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, it can lead to heart failure. While the initial sign of heart failure is shortness of breath, others include extreme fatigue, muscle wasting and abrupt weight loss. Shortness of breath or dyspnea is more seen in older adults as compared to young adults. Anyone experiencing dyspnea should seek immediate medical help to prevent severe complication. 

Experts have found that women suffer from more symptoms both physical and psychological as compared to men. In most cases, women report pain, nausea, heart palpitations, sweating, edema and nervousness along with breathing issues and anxiety.

Symptoms of stroke

When your brain is unable to get sufficient amount of blood, it runs out of oxygen. This also occurs due to irregular heart functions. The quality of life and overall wellness gets affected post stroke. It is crucial to identify and attend to the symptoms of stroke. The warning signs of stroke include dizziness, weakness, confusion, inability to balance, problem in speech, blurred vision, etc. Women experience more prominent symptoms than men.

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