What is Uncontrolled Diabetes?

A patient who has blood sugar level consistently over 100 mg/dL is said to be suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. It is a chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin.

Aparna Mir
Written by: Aparna MirUpdated at: May 27, 2015 16:34 IST
What is Uncontrolled Diabetes?

Uncontrolled diabetes is a severe form of diabetes which is completely incurable or it is not treated adequately enough possibly due to lack of information. It causes blood sugar levels to rise abruptly in patients leading to serious health problems. A high level of blood sugar (100mg/dL) can affect nearly every organ in the body including heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, gums and teeth. If allowed to persist, this condition can cause serious medical complications, eventually leading to death, usually due to cardiovascular disease or stroke.


Effects of Uncontrolled Diabetes

Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, an important metabolic hormone that is necessary to carry sugar from the bloodstream into the cells. Generally insulin injections are prescribed to control the sugar level in the body. But consistently high blood glucose levels, as in uncontrolled diabetes, causes damage to many organs leading to multiple organ failure. The kidneys become overloaded and the heart and lungs get stressed. Increased blood flow through nerves damages the blood vessels. Patients with uncontrolled diabetes can develop vision problems as a result of injuries to the retina or optic nerve. They may also develop seizures, can relapse into coma, and eventually die.

Uncontrolled Diabetes

There are many complications related to uncontrolled diabetes such as:

  • Leg cramps, changes in skin colour, and decreased sensation.
  • Vision problems, vision loss, and pain in the eye. It can further lead to cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy.
  • Kidney failure can occur.
  • If nerves get affected by diabetes it can lead to tingling, numbness, burning, or, shooting or stabbing pain in the feet, hands, or other parts of the body.
  • If the nerves that control internal organs are damaged then the person may suffer from sexual and digestive problems.
  • The patient may also experience dizziness, feel like fainting and even failure in recognising anyone.
  • It can lead to heart diseases leading to heart attack and strokes.


Treatment of Uncontrolled Diabetes

High blood cholesterol level, high glucose level and high blood pressure are some of the factors responsible for uncontrolled diabetes. Diabetes can be kept under control with proper medication and largely by maintaining a healthy style of living. Treatment of diabetes complications focuses on slowing the progression of the damage. This may include medication, surgery, or other treatment options. One treatment involves using dietary measures to control the amount of glucose in the body. In uncontrolled diabetes, when people fail to seek treatment or do not adhere to a treatment regimen, it results in a serious medical problem.

The initial stage of diabetes leads to uncontrolled diabetes when ignored. Early treatment for any type of complication or to keep the blood sugar levels within a safe range can prevent you from serious damage. Only minor lifestyle changes are necessary to prevent the dreaded consequences of uncontrolled diabetes.


Read more articles on Diabetes Causes and Risks.