Certain factors may increase the risk that your infant will develop respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). These factors include:
Your baby also is at greater risk for RDS if you require an emergency cesarean delivery (C-section) before your baby is full term. You may need an emergency C-section because of a condition, such as a detached placenta, that puts you or your infant at risk.
Planned C-sections that occur before babies' lungs have fully matured also can increase the risk of RDS. Your doctor can do tests before delivery that can show whether it's likely that your baby's lungs are fully developed. These tests assess the age of the fetus or lung maturity.