The type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, and is most common in juveniles while easily found in adults in their 30s or 40s. This is a multisystem disease that involves both biochemical and anatomic/structural consequences.
The type 1 diabetes mellitus is very much associated with high morbidity and premature mortality. It has been found that more than 60% of the patients with this disease develop serious complications over the long term, and many experiences blindness, end stage disease, and unfortunately early death in some cases. Risks with ESRD and proliferative retinopathy have been found to be twice as high in men as in women when the onset of diabetes occurred before age 15 years.
Those patients who have type 1 diabetes mellitus and survive a period of 10-20 years without having any fulminant complications show up have a high probability of maintaining a reasonably good health. There are other factors that can affect the long term outcomes like the patient’s education, awareness, motivation, and intelligence level.
The morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes are related to the short- and long-term complications. Such complications include the following:
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