What Is Womb Transplant? How Can It Help To Conceive And What Are The Risks

Womb Transplantation can be a successful procedure for those women suffering from infertility and unhealthy womb. Know what the procedure and risks.

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Apr 09, 2021Updated at: Apr 09, 2021
What Is Womb Transplant? How Can It Help To Conceive And What Are The Risks

There are many health issues which we do not accept publicly due to fear of being judged and questioned. One such health issue which is common in both males and females is that of infertility. Infertility is less talked about as it concerns the so called ‘ethical behaviour’. Hence most of the people restrict themselves to openly talk about it or find a solution. Infertility in women is similarly a rising cause of concern which can be addressed by uterus transplant or is also called Womb Transplant.

What is Womb Transplant?

It is basically a procedure where one woman who has infertility due to unhealthy uterus gets another uterus transplanted inside her due to which the issue of infertility gets eradicated. Senior Gynaecologist Dr. Bindiya Khera from City Hospital, Lucknow shares some important points with OnlyMyHealth. She tells that approximately 15-20% of woman in India face the issue of infertility out of which 20% of them are caused due to unhealthy uterus. This problem can be now solved through help of IVF. However this procedure cannot be considered 100 percent safe, it has its own risks which can be both physical and mental traumas. 

Women of some bodies do not accept the new uterus and hence cause complications. Most of the women who undergo uterus transplant have been successful but there are some cases where the result was not satisfactory or had some side effects. Hence Dr. Bindiya suggests having this transplant only after knowing the risk factors and if necessary. 


Why Should You Have Uterus Transplant?

The main reason for having uterus transplant is that women who are affected by some type of uterus problem and cannot conceive are able to have to have babies. The condition which can be responsible for infertility can be-

  • Absent uterus
  • Congenital conditions
  • Duplication of uterine structure
  • Lack of fully formed structures 
  • Single uterus divided into two parts.
  • Two uteri sharing a single cervix.

Those who are suffering from these problems can get uterus transplant and conceive. It also maintains their sexual health. Apart from this one can also suffer from AUFI that is acquired conditions that result in chronic reproductive diagnosis including endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This may cause uterine adhesions, ovarian, uterine cysts or uterine fibroids. These issues can be resolved through womb transplant.

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What is The Procedure of Uterus Transplant?

The womb ad cervix are removed from donor’s body and in planted inside the recipient. Once the uterus is in recipient’s body, the muscles, cartilage, tendons, arteries, veins, and other blood vessels are connected very carefully. This process can take several hours as it is quite complicated surgery. The process involves both the donor and recipient to be operated, monitored and given time to recover after the surgery. 


Risk Factors of Having Womb Transplant

Since it is such a complicated surgery, it does involve many risks. Potential risk factors of having womb transplant are loss of blood during transfusion, chances of having infection, organ rejection or poor reaction to medications or anaesthesia. It can also cause potential traumatic experience or emotional drainage.

Physical Risks-

  • Any type of organ transplant requires patient to take drugs which prevent the body from attacking the transplanted organ which is much like a foreign object in the body. The risk of body not supporting the new organ can be risky and dangerous.
  • The potential side-effect of taking anti-rejection drugs over long time is also not good and can be life threatening. Therefore patients are advised to have hysterectomy at some point which can be after one or two pregnancies.

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Emotional Risks-

  • The process of transplantation of womb itself is very traumatic and rules significant emotions through the patient. Those who undergo this surgery have already been gone through multiple checkups for infertility and have had much of it to experience emotional trauma and health concerns.
  • It is an expensive treatment and patients who undergo fertility treatment have to go through other transplant to determine the possibility of pregnancy. Also before the womb transplant, women are asked to get their eggs freeze as a failsafe. This whole procedure can be expensive according to an average person.
  • There is also a possibility of organ rejection by the body or certain side effects which may break down the person emotionally. The process of getting checked, taking medical drugs, visiting doctor time and again can also be traumatic to the patient undergoing so many changes inside her body. 


Is It Recommended To Go Through Womb Transplant?

Well, it can be debatable if you should go through womb transplant especially after knowing the risk factors. There have been many cases in which women have undergone this transplantation and have come out successful but on the other hand some have faced side-effects too. Uterus Transplantation is still under clinical trials so the rate of successful operations is not known. It is a sensitive procedure and needs to be carried out very carefully. Hence if the woman wants to conceive through transplantation after knowing the risk and benefits then she can. After all the happiness of being a mother is unmatched. 


Uterus or womb transplant is a severe surgery which needs to be performed very carefully. Since it is still under clinical trials it can turn out to be costly for an average person. The procedure of transplantation is also long and can result in physical or mental stress. The body may not be able to adapt to so many tests and procedures which can turn to be risky. However there have been quite some successful cases and women who suffer from infertility can take up womb transplantation for conceiving. 

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