Good sleep is important to keep you healthy and fit. Number of hours one sleeps is not considered while defining insomnia as individuals vary significantly in their sleep needs (individual sleep requirement can vary from 6 to 10 hours every day). If you have difficulty in falling asleep at night or wake up frequently during the night or have any other problem with sleep consult your physician and/or a sleep specialist. They can evaluate you and diagnose the cause of your sleep problems. Read to know how your doctor will diagnose insomnia.
History: This is important part in the diagnosis of insomnia or in fact any sleep disorder. To find the cause of insomnia your doctor will take a detailed history of your sleep pattern and other relevant facts. The doctor may ask question such as:
Sleep history: To understand your sleep pattern and problem your doctor will ask you questions regarding sleep such as;
You may be asked to make a record of your sleep habits for 1 or 2 weeks so that the doctor can review it on your follow-up visit. Insomnia is a clinical diagnosis and your doctor can diagnose insomnia based on your medical and sleep history. If needed you may be recommended a sleep study. For example, sleep study may be done if the cause of your insomnia is unclear.
Sleep study: If the cause of your insomnia is not clear or your doctor suspects some other cause for your sleep problems he may recommend evaluation in a sleep laboratory. During sleep study (or polysomnography) you will be observed while sleeping. If needed a video recording of unusual movements during an entire night's sleep will be done. During polysomnography the following parameters are recorded:
Physical Exam: Your doctor will do a detailed physical examination to make sure that some other physical problem is not causing your sleep disorder.