Colon polyps are tissues that grow inside the large intestine, also called the colon. Know about the its signs, treatment, diagnosis and prevention.
A colon polyp is a tiny clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Even though most colon polyps are harmless, they become cancerous over a period of time and should therefore, be treated on time.
Any health person can develop colon polyps, but there are some people who are highly likely to develop the disease. These include:
- People over the age of 50 years
- People who smoke
- People who are overweight
- People who eat a high –fat, low-fiber diet or have a family history of colon cancer or colon polyps.
Polyps, like most cancers, are a result of abnormal cell growth. Healthy cells grow and divide in a certain order in a healthy person. This process of cell production is governed by two broad groups of genes and mutations in any of these genes can cause the cells to divide and grow even when new cells are not required. In the rectum and colon, this unregulated growth can cause the polyps to form. It is when these polyps are not treated that they become cancerous.
Polyps can develop in any part of the large intestine. They can be small or large and flat or shaped like a mushroom. The bigger the size of the polyp, the greater is the likelihood of cancer.
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