Vitamins And Minerals Deficiency: Types, Causes, And Symptoms

If you experience fatigue, weakness or loss of strength, consult your doctor. Because lack of minerals can cause several other health diseases. 

Tavishi Dogra
Written by: Tavishi DograPublished at: Nov 14, 2019
Vitamins And Minerals Deficiency: Types, Causes, And Symptoms

Minerals are a particular type of nutrients that your body needs to function properly. However, mineral deficiency occurs when your body does not absorb or receive it's required amount. The human body needs different amounts of the mineral to stay healthy. However, it's a deficiency in the body. It is often gradual over time and can occur due to several reasons. Mineral deficiency can cause a variety of health problems, such as weak bones, fatigue, or a low immune system.

Types of mineral deficiency

There are four main categories of mineral deficiency: calcium, magnesium, potassium, and zinc. Let us know in detail about these minerals.

Calcium deficiency

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Calcium is required for teeth and healthy bones. It also supports the proper functioning of your blood vessels, muscles, nerves and hormones. Natural sources of calcium include fish with milk, yoghurt, cheese, beans and peas. Vegetables like broccoli, cabbage also provide calcium. Lack of calcium causes muscle cramps, numbness, tingling in fingers, fatigue, loss of appetite, irregular heartbeat, etc.

Magnesium deficiency


The body requires magnesium for hundreds of chemical reactions, including reactions that control blood sugar levels and blood pressure. The proper functioning of muscles, nerves, brain function, energy and metabolism are also regulated by magnesium. About 60 per cent of the body's magnesium resides in bones, while about 40 per cent lives in muscles and soft tissue cells. Initial symptoms of magnesium deficiency include fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting etc.

Potassium deficiency

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Potassium acts as an electrolyte and is necessary for muscle contraction and transmission of nerve signals. It also requires some enzymes, including one that helps your body convert carbohydrates into energy. Symptoms of potassium deficiency include muscle cramps and weakness.

Zinc deficiency

Zinc plays an essential role in several aspects of metabolism. This includes: Protein synthesis, the functioning of the immune system, wound healing, DNA synthesis, proper development during pregnancy, childhood and adolescence. Zinc is found in animal products such as oyster, red meat and poultry. Other sources include legumes, nuts, whole grains and dairy products. Zinc deficiency can also cause diarrhoea, hair loss, and impotence. This can enhance the process that heals your wounds.

Causes of mineral deficiency


One of the main reasons behind the lack of mineral in the body is the lack of adequate food. Mineral deficiency can also be experienced due to allergies to certain foods, difficulty in digestion of food or absorption of nutrients.

Symptoms of mineral deficiency

The symptoms of a mineral deficiency depend on the nutrient lacking in the body. Possible symptoms include:

  • Constipation, bloating or abdominal pain
  • Weak immune system
  • Diarrhoea
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • loss of appetite
  • muscle cramps
  • nausea and vomiting
  • Numbness
  • poor concentration
  • Slow social or mental development in children
  • Weakness or fatigue

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