What Causes Varicose Veins During Menopause

Varicose veins are very common in women during pregnancy and menopause. Get more details on this article.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Aug 18, 2022Updated at: Aug 18, 2022
What Causes Varicose Veins During Menopause

Varicose veins are enlarged, dilated, and twisted veins that are caused mainly due to increased blood pressure in veins. In most cases,  prolonged standing and walking increases blood pressure in veins leading to varicose veins. Apart from this, hormonal changes also play a crucial role in the development of varicose veins. Pregnant and menopausal women are at a greater risk of developing this condition. In this article, we will discuss the link between varicose veins and menopause.

Hormonal fluctuations of oestrogen and progesterone affect the veins. These cause thinning of the walls of veins that triggers the varicose conditions. High blood pressure and increased abdominal pressure also contribute, which is why pregnant and menopausal women are susceptible to developing varicose veins.

How are hormones and varicose veins related?

There are two stages in a woman’s life where hormone imbalance is observed - pregnancy and menopause. During pregnancy, oestrogen and progesterone levels increase, causing thinning of the vein walls thereby weakening blood vessels. On the other hand, during menopause, venous walls become constricted and thicker. In both situations, the risk of varicose veins is high.

Also Read: What Causes Varicose Veins? All About Health Risks And Treatment

Varicose Veins During Menopause

Hormonal fluctuations don’t occur overnight. These may occur over the years starting from pre-menopause, peri-menopause, and menopause phases. During these years, hormonal fluctuations occur gradually or abruptly and that impacts the vein walls. They may become thicker and that can  restrict blood flow to the heart. The blood flows in different directions and also causes swelling in the valves. Thickened venous walls don’t allow blood to flow back from valves to the body. This causes congestion and inflammation. Varicose veins start to get visible over time. You can lessen their visibility as there is no treatment for them as such except for surgery in extreme cases. Varicose veins developed during the transitional period (pre-pregnancy to pregnancy and pre-menopause to menopause) fade with time. If not, you can take measures to help fade them.

Also Read: Treatment Options For Varicose Veins Explained By Doctor

Problems experienced with varicose veins

Generally, varicose veins are not painful but some women do experience problems like pain, swelling, heaviness, blood clotting and skin issues in the skin surrounding varicose veins. If you encounter these problems, you must consult a doctor immediately for medical assistance. Doctors may prescribe medication, hormone replacement therapy or surgery as per the condition.

Varicose Veins During Menopause treatment

The best treatment for removal of varicose veins is hormone replacement therapy. However, it can only be done if the patient doesn’t have any other health condition. For example, hypertension patients,  diabetics, or others who are prone to blood clotting should discuss  treatment options for varicose veins that do not interfere with their health issues.

During the initial stages of varicose veins development, people can opt for low-intensity cardio exercises that involve legs and lower body muscles. These help improve blood circulation to ease the condition.

Avoid standing for prolonged periods. Take a  break to sit, and try not to walk a lot unless necessary. These can worsen the condition that can be tackled through medical assistance only.

It is very important to consult a doctor to find the best solution for varicose veins. 

Image credits- freepik

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