The WHO has gathered top 10 facts on the most widely spreading disease of a life-time: diabetes. According to the organization’s researches and observation of the disease, diabetes poses as a global burden, particularly in the developing countries. The causes of the disease may be spread across many, but the primary ones include obesity and physical inactivity. Here are the top 10 diabetes facts:
- Diabetes has come to classify itself as an emerging global epidemic that can be traced back to obesity, rapid increase in overweight and lack of physical activity.
- The total number of deaths from diabetes is likely to rise by over 50% by the next 10 years. The deaths are likely to increase by over 80% in the upper-middle income countries.
- Type 1 diabetes is the lack of adequate insulin production and type 2 diabetes is the ineffective use of available insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes, which signifies inefficient use of insulin, is more common compared with type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, it contributes to 90% of diabetes across the globe.
- The reports of type 2 diabetes in children that were rare before have amplified. In several countries, type 2 diabetes in children is responsible for half of the newly diagnosed cases in children and adolescents.
- A growing type of diabetes and one that forms the third type of the disease is gestational diabetes, which is characterised by a raised blood sugar or hyperglycaemia that is recognised or first diagnosed during pregnancy.
- In 2005, over 1.1 million people died from diabetes. The full impact is known to be much greater because people with diabetes may live for several years with the disease but their cause of death is often documented as kidney failure or heart diseases.
- 80% of the diabetes deaths that are known worldwide occur in the low and middle income countries.
- The lack of awareness about the disease along with an insufficient access to health services can invite the onslaught of complications such as amputation, blindness and kidney failure.
- Diabetes is preventable by way of thirty minutes of physical activity of moderate-intensity whenever possible (preferably, on most days of the week) along with a healthy diet. Vigorous activity helps to keep the heart healthy and other organs functioning properly, especially the kidney. A healthy diet, maintenance of normal body weight and avoiding tobacco can prevent the delay of the onset of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes.
Read more articles on Understand Diabetes.