Know about what are the common symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in men. This information can help you detect and mange it early.
The condition of diabetes is that wherein the human body cannot use the carbohydrate present in food due to the fault of the pancreas. The pancreases do not make enough insulin or may be the insulin which is produced is not as effective as it should be. In some cases it could be both.
Diabetes is classified into two broad groups, namely, type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused when the pancreatic cells producing natural insulin in the body are destroyed. This causes a lack of insulin in blood. Type 2 diabetes is caused when the cells present within the body are unable to adequately respond to anti-diuretic hormone produced by the body. Symptoms of diabetes in men will largely depend on the type of diabetes that has affected the body system. It is very common for us to know of people who have diabetes, there are numerous men and women who are suffering from either type 1 or the type 2 diabetes. While men and women can have more or less the same symptoms, here we have brought to you a detailed understanding of the symptoms that show up on a man. But before we get to the symptoms of diabetes in men, let us first look at what insulin is all about and how it affects our body.
What is Insulin?
What we call insulin is actually the hormone which world to help glucose from the digestion of carbohydrate in our food and moves it into the body’s cells where it is then used for energy. During the time when insulin is not present or is rather ineffective in our body, then the glucose builds up in the blood. Now, this happens basically because insulin is the key which helps to unlock the door to our body’s cells and when the door is unlocked then glucose can enter where it is used as fuel for energy. This enables us to work, play and to basically live our lives in an energetic and systematic manner. It keeps you going!
When you do not have insulin in your body like it happens when you suffer from Type 1 diabetes then there is no key to unlock the door and the glucose in your body stays in the blood. Then again when there is not enough insulin in your body your cell doors would only be partially unlocked or when there is lots of insulin then the lock does not work properly which is also referred to as insulin resistance, and this is your type 2 diabetes.
Now because this excess glucose stays in the blood and does not get used as a fuel for your body energy requirement, people who are suffering from diabetes feel tired, pass large amount of urine and often feel extremely thirsty. Now because diabetics have problem with insulin, it is necessary for them to take proper steps in order to create insulin or so as to help the insulin to make it work in a more efficient manner. Diabetics are recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle. This includes proper diet and every day activity to keep the body active.
Let us take a look at the causes of diabetes before reaching for the signs of diabetes in men.
What Causes Diabetes?
Diabetes is a common ailment and a lot of people are affected by it. The fact is that while there are people who are aware of their condition, there are others who aren’t. Diabetes can occur at any age, and these days even children are suffering from it. Though a common trend is that it is rare in infants and it gets more common as people begin to grow older.
Type 1 Diabetes
The type 1 diabetes is something that develops when the insulin producing cells in the pancreas have been destroyed. It is most worrying that we do not know for sure why these cells have been damaged, but it is possible that most likely it is because the body is facing an abnormal reaction to the cells. This could be triggered by viral or even other infections. The type 1 diabetes is usually known as insulin dependent diabetes or IDD.
People suffering from this develop it under the age of 40, and especially so when they are in their childhood. But this type of diabetes can be triggered at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes
This type of diabetes occurs in people when they hit middle age or when they grow older. There is however the chance that type 2 diabetes can be found in younger overweight people. The type 2 diabetes is also very much likely to affect African, Caribbean and South Asian people at a younger age. It is mainly caused because the insulin that is produced does not work properly, and this is why it is insulin resistant diabetes. You must know that type 2 diabetes is not at all mild diabetes and there is no such thing called mild diabetes in fact. Diabetes, no matter what type it is, should always be taken seriously and treated well.
People who are risk of type 2 diabetes are:
- White people who are over 40 years old
- People from African-Caribbean parts
- Asian and minority ethnic groups over 25
- Family history of diabetes
- Who are overweight
- Who have high blood pressure, heart disease or had a heart attack
- Who have borderline high glucose test
- Women who are suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome
- Women who have had high blood glucose levels during pregnancy
Eating sugar and sweets do not cause diabetes
Stress does not cause diabetes, though it is a symptom
Accident or illness do not cause diabetes, they can only reveal it if it is already there
Diabetes is not a communicable disease
Diabetes early symptoms in men can be tracked if you have your senses and good wisdom working for you. Here we will take you through the symptoms for both types of diabetes so that you can have a chance at recognising them by yourself and going to the doctor.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes in Men
Type 1 diabetes symptoms have been found to develop quickly. It takes over a few days to weeks to develop and is caused by high blood sugar. At first the symptoms may be overlooked by you or you may mistake it for some illness. But the symptoms of type 1 diabetes are quite vibrant for you to take note, here are those symptoms.
There may be an increase in the frequency and volume of urination because of an increased urge to drink water. This is mostly noticeable at night, what happens is that the kidneys are trying to get rid of the excess sugar in the blood. Kidneys need to get rid of more water.
Now because you have urinated in excess you will feel the urge to drink more water as you are losing water and becoming dehydrated.
There may be noticeable weight loss despite of continuous eating, and with little or no exercise. This happens because you are dehydrated and also this could happen because you are losing all the sugar calories in your urine and are not being able to use them.
You will feel hungry because your body is not using all the calories that it actually can. Many of them actually leave your body through your urine.
You may experience unexplained fatigue and tiredness, accompanied by nausea, vomiting and persistent headaches.
Sugar actually builds up in the lens of your eye and it sucks up extra water into your eye. This then changes the shape of the eye’s lens and blurs your vision in turn, thus causing you to have blurry vision.
When you have low blood sugar in your body you will experience, sweating, shaking, weakness, hunger and confusion.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes in Men
Type 2 diabetes was once called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes. This is the most common form of diabetes which affects 90 percent to 95 percent of so many men suffering from diabetes. Some of the symptoms of diabetes type 2 in men are identical to that of type 1 diabetes. Common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fatigue, weight loss, unexplained increase in thirst and urination, and excessive hunger. Apart from this, there could be certain other symptoms specific to type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes is called insulin resistant diabetes because when there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be then the sugar cannot get into the body’s cells to be used for fuel. When sugar happens to build up in the blood instead of going into cells then the body’s cells are not able to function in a proper manner.
The symptoms include:
When sugar builds up in the blood then this can cause an increase in the urination which is an attempt to try to clear the sugar from the body. When your kidneys lose the sugar through the urine, then a large amount of water gets lost, which is causing dehydration.
Hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetic coma
A person who is suffering from the type 2 diabetes will become extremely dehydrated and will not be able to drink enough fluids. So finally they will try to make up for the fluid losses which will not be possible and this would lead to the development of life threatening complications.
Damage to the Body
As time goes by, the high sugar levels in the blood would damage the nerves and the small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart. Then it would lead to the hardening of the large arteries that can often cause a heart attack and a stroke; this hardening of the arteries if known as atherosclerosis.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes can vary person to person, some of these are:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger (especially after eating)
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and occasionally vomiting
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling of the hands or feet
- Frequent infections of the skin or urinary tract
The Line of Action
The best way to steer past your diabetes problem is to have a healthy lifestyle, as lifestyle changes can do wonder for patients suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The central theme of your battle against diabetes is to control your blood sugar levels. Therefore, you will need to keep a check on the food you eat and also be physically active.
- Make sure you have a schedule for your meal timings. Your blood sugar levels basically shoot up for an hour or two after you eat, so you could lessen the amount of change in your blood sugar levels if your eat at the same time every day.
- You should plan for every meal to have the right mix of starches, fruits and vegetables, proteins, and fats. It's especially important to eat about the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal and snack because they have a big effect on blood sugar levels.
- Try and understand what portion of food is right for you, different food items require different portions. Understand this and eat what is required.
- Try to co-ordinate with your food and your medications or else things can be disastrous. For example if you eat too little food when taking insulin then you will face dangerously low levels of blood sugar. Then again too much food can make your blood sugar shoot up.
It is of paramount importance that you do physical exercises when you are suffering from diabetes. When you exercise, your muscles use sugar (glucose) for energy. Regular physical activity also improves your body's response to insulin. Therefore, talk to your doctor about an exercise schedule that you must follow religiously and stick to it. You should also stay hydrated at all times and take care to see that you replace the fluids that are leaving your body in the form of sweat during your exercises.
You must get yourself checked by a specialist and take medications as it has been prescribed to you. Armed with healthy food, exercises and medication, you will be able to keep yourself on the better side of diabetes. Remember, be it type 1 or type 2, you can always do the right thing and keep a check on your blood sugar levels.
If you experience any of these symptoms, the best thing to do is to seek medical guidance as soon as possible. Timely treatments are crucial for being able to manage the disease effectively and lead a normal life.
Read more articles on Diabetes Signs and Symptoms.
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