Spasticity In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment Options

Spasticity in muscles can be due to nerve disorder in CNS, here are symptoms and treatment you should know about.

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Mar 28, 2022Updated at: Mar 28, 2022
Spasticity In Muscles: Symptoms And Treatment Options

Muscle problems are not just limited to spasms, pain and pulls. There are lot of muscle function that can be affected because of nervous disorders and related functions and performances. Spasticity is a disruption in the muscle movement patterns and that can affect the person more than just once. It allows complex system to tighten the muscles while some of them relax at the same time. Damage in the nerves in the central nervous system actually disrupts how the muscles moves and hampers movement. It may lead to scary and life-threatening complications which could have serious impact on their lives. Let us understand this conditions and effects of it on your health.  

What is Spasticity? 

We spoke to Dr. Sumeet Nigam, General Physician at Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to understand the concept and effect of spasticity on health. Disruption in muscle movement patterns can cause serious adversities to your health. Muscle movements are normally controlled by complex system that allows muscle to contract, while the others can relax. Any damage to the system that control these movement can cause serious injuries and nerve damage. It may even lead to serious brain and spinal cord injury. Spasticity is usually caused in the legs but it can even affect your arms.  

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Symptoms of Spasticity 

There can be number of prevalent muscle problems that could occur because of spasticity, here are some common symptoms of this muscle condition.  

  • Increased muscle tone 
  • Involuntary movements such as spasms or clonus 
  • Pain or discomfort in the limbs 
  • Less ability to function 
  • Problems regarding care and hygiene 
  • Abnormal posture 
  • Contracture or permanent contraction of muscles 
  • Bone or joint deformities 
  • Decreased quality of life 

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When can you treat spasticity? 

Spasticity is usually treated when it causes severe pain or interferes with your daily activity. If you have problems related to your sleep or you have less ability to function and get fatigue very easily, then you should get this condition treated. Treatment is based on the patient's needs, preferences and goals and stage of condition.  

  • Non-medical treatments for MS- related spasticity 
  • There would be two ways to reduce spasticity. It could be controlled by- 
  • By performing exercises on the daily basis, it should contain more of stretching exercises. Prolonged exercises can make sure that muscles move for a longer period of time and prevent contracture.  
  • Splinting, casting and bracing. These are three methods that are used for long term motion and flexibility.  

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Prons and Cons of Oral Medications 

Oral medications that are available for the treatment of spasticity muscle disorder has its own benefits and side-effects. Here are some Prons and cons that you must be aware of- 

Prons of Oral Medications in Spasticity 

  • Oral Medication can relax a large number of muscles at once. 
  • The dosage of foreign medications can be easily adjusted. 
  • When the need of oral medication is eased up then the medications can be stopped at any particular time 

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Cons of Oral Medication in Spasticity 

  • Oral medications can have a modest effect on the person. 
  • It may lead to drowsiness as a common side effect. Dizziness and weakness may also occur as complimentary effects. 
  • Some oral medications may even lead to liver inflammation in the body. 

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