Rule Of 15 For Hypoglycemia: Know How Can This Method Control Type-2 Diabetes

Rule of 15 is a preventive measure against diabetes, know how can this method help to control type-2 diabetes. 

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: May 16, 2022Updated at: May 16, 2022
Rule Of 15 For Hypoglycemia: Know How Can This Method Control Type-2 Diabetes

Diabetes as we all know is a type of serious disease that does not has a proper ailment so far. The condition of hypoglycemia happens when the blood sugar levels drop below a normal level causing health problems within a few minutes. In most of the cases, this condition occurs in mild severity, therefore there is not much to worry about. You just need to take a few precautionary measures in order to control the shakiness, confusion and lightheadedness which are symptoms of hypoglycemia. Rule of 15 is a method that you must know about if you are suffering from diabetes. This method can be really beneficial in terms of blood sugar control, therefore let us know about rule of 15 in more detail.  

Rule of 15 on Diabetes Prevention 

Anybody can actually experience episodes of hypoglycemia but it is particularly common towards people that have to take insulin for diabetes. This condition can happen in the night or because of not taking proper meals. We spoke with Dr. Sumeet Nigam, General Physician from Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to know about this condition in more detail. He told us that medical professionals also apply this rule of 15 on many patients because it is a healthy activity and does not have any side-effects. It is also said to be as an effective way to control diabetes type-2.  


What is Rule of 15?  

Since most of the people are unaware of this term, let me explain how this works out. The rule states that you need to take around 15 grams of carbohydrates when the blood sugar levels drop. Then check your blood sugar again in 15 minutes. If you have still not recovered your blood sugar levels then repeat this process again.  

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How does it work? 

This process is also called as 15-15 rule in which the blood sugar levels are between 55-70 mg/dl. You can follow the given steps below in order to ensure you have minimal carbs in your diet. This also allows sugar to reach your bloodstream on time. Different age group people need to intake different amount of carbohydrates.  

  1. Infants just need 6 grams of carbs 
  2. Toddlers might need around 8 grams 
  3. Small children may need around 10 grams of carbs 

In case of children with diabetes, doctors also prefer to have optimal diet plan and precautionary steps, so that the health of the child does not get worse anytime soon. This rule should not be followed if the blood sugar has dropped even below 55mg/dL.  

Effect of 15 Rule diet on Hypoglycemia 

After eating relevant amount of carbohydrates in your diet, it is important that you control your other nutrient levels accordingly. Digestive system in the body helps to break down carbs into a type of sugar that responses quickly to the bloodstream and tissues over there. Rule of 15 provides your tissues and internal organs with energy that remains in the body for a few hours and prevents any kind of collapse. 


Hypoglycemia is a concerning situation in which the blood sugar levels drop drastically below the normal levels. You might also experience different sorts of energy levels affecting your health. Since your brain depends mostly on glucose for energy and functioning, lowering of blood sugar levels can impact a person adversely and might even cause death in some cases.  

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Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar 

Here are some symptoms that you remain aware of while looking after type-2 diabetes in patients. Determining symptoms of blood sugar can help to reduce severity and risk of infections. Here are some things you need to be aware of- 

  • Shakiness  
  • Fatigue 
  • Dizziness 
  • Confusion 
  • Hunger  
  • Irritability 
  • Faster heart rate
  • Trouble speaking properly 

Riks of low levels of blood sugar can lead to the following- 

  • Seizures 
  • Unconsciousness  
  • Coma 
  • Death 

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