Risk, Symptoms And Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Enlarged prostate can lead to many problems which can turn severe. Know what infections and problems can occur due to enlarged prostate.

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Apr 22, 2021Updated at: Apr 22, 2021
Risk, Symptoms And Causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Health is a rising concern all over the world and people have started to give importance to health and sanitization now. But there is still lack of awareness about many health issues which are quite common but aren’t talked about much. This is because most of these issues are related to personal health or hygiene. Large sum of people still hesitate to talk about their intimate health issues which later turns out to be hazard for them. People have started to talk about importance of women hygiene but not much about men’s health problems. BPH, benign prostatic hyperplasia is one such health problem which is common among elderly men but isn’t much talked about.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The condition of enlargement of prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Let us know what Dr. Sumeet Nigam (clinical physician) explains about this disease. He says that the cells present in the prostate gland multiply in huge number which results in swelling of the gland. This squeezes urethra and limits the urine flow. BPH is not as severe as prostate cancer and does not even increase the risk of having the cancer. But still the symptoms of BPH can affect the quality of your life.


It mostly happens to men who are above 50 years of age. Those men who have got their testicles removed at young age may not have this disease ever. BPH is more common in elderly and hardly there are cases in which a youngster is affected by this disease.

What Are The Symptoms of BPH?

Symptoms of BPH are actually quite mild in the beginning but they get severe with time if not treated. Mostly people ignore it due to old age factor and take it as side effect of other diseases but it is not so. Here are some common symptoms which can occur if you have BPH-

  • Dribbling at the end of urinary stream
  • Need of urinating two or more times in a single night
  • Incomplete emptying of bladder
  • Inconsistent or leakage of urine
  • Need to put pressure on stomach while urinating
  • Weak urinary stream
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Painful urination
  • Slowed or delayed urinary system


What Is The Cause Behind Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

Prostate gland is located below the bladder, and the tube through which urine flows from the bladder out of the penis is the centre of prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it blocks the flow or tract through which urine passes which results in BPH. Prostrate grows in ma men throughout their life which increases the chances of having this disease. Enlarged prostate causes urinary symptoms and infections. Sex hormones are responsible for the growth of prostate in the body and hence it causes benign prostatic hyperplasia. 

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Factors Influencing BPH

Aging- Men who are mostly above the age of 40 mostly develop the symptoms of BPH. One-third of men experience actually severe and moderate type of symptoms over the age of 60. This rate keeps on increasing with age.

Family History- If there is someone in your family specially your parent having prostate problem, it is likely that you will have it as well. 

Diabetes and heart diseases- People having diabetes or heart related diseases are more prone towards having BPH. Use of Beta blockers might also result in risk of developing BPH.

Lifestyle- Obesity also increases the risk of BPH and therefore regular exercise can also bring down the risk of this disease. 


What Are The Complications Which Can Arise Due To BPH?

Enlarged prostate can develop the following problems-

Urinary Retention:  This is sudden inability to urinate; some men with large prostates might face this issue and would require a surgery to relieve urinary retention. Due to this you might have to have tube inserted into your bladder to drain your urine.   

Urinary Tract Infection: This happens because the person is unable to totally empty his urinary bladder while urinating. This increases the risk of infection in the urinary tract. If this infection occurs frequently then there is possibility that you will have to remove the prostate from your body.

Bladder Stones: This is another problem which might occur due to inability to empty your bladder. Bladder stones create infection and irritation, it can also lead to blood in urine sue to obstruction of urine flow. 

Damage to bladder: If the bladder is not completely empty for longer period of time then it can stretch down. This weakens the bladder and over some period of time it does not contract properly. Because of this it is hard to empty the bladder after that.

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Kidney Damage: Pressure which is exerted on the urinary bladder during the retention is capable of damaging the kidneys. It can also allow bladder infections to happen which reach the kidney eventually.

However most of men who have enlarged prostate do not develop major complications. But acute urinary retention and kidney damage may cause serious health problems. Treatment is also available for this.


People develop Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia because of increase in prostate. This keeping growing with age and does not stop in some cases. This causes blockage of urinary bladder and hence causes many types of infections and diseases. BPH is relatively more in people above the age of 50 and the rate of developing this disease keeps on increasing with age. However it can be treated effectively if the symptoms are determined at the right stage. 

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