There is a General perception that men are more prone to cardiovascular diseases, however, many studies have revealed that there has been a spike in the percentage of women prone to heart diseases.
Facts about Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Indian women
Contributory Factors in women
India is known to be the diabetes capital in the world with the highest diabetes related deaths over the last decade. The fact that diabetes and hypertension go almost hand-in-hand has already been proven. Co-existence of Hypertension with diabetes also pushes risks to the heart further. Obesity is also a contributory factor in high blood pressure levels.
Of all the risk factors and their effect on the heart, diabetes is one of the most distinctive threats. People suffering from diabetes are at twice to four times the risk of CVD as opposed to people without diabetes. Diabetics are also exposed to higher morbidity where cardiovascular disease accounts for 65 -75% deaths.
Conditions like Asthma with other pre-existing conditions such as diabetes and obesity can even raise the risk for a cardio vascular disease. In addition, cold winters manifest in sinusitis, cold and cough all adding to the complexity in those suffering from asthma. The season often leads to further difficulty in breathing and a greater stress on the heart.
Dr Chaudhary said, “The good news is that it is possible to prevent and avoid a heart disease. But, then one must be proactive in taking active steps towards a healthy living, especially if one has a genetic disposition of a heart disease.”
Food & Nutrition
Adequate protection from winters
Wear adequate winter clothing to protect yourself from dipping temperatures. The onslaught of the low temperatures can slow down the pumping of the heart and even lead to clots. Exposure to cold is not advised.
Taking regular tests help you keep up with the changes in weather and attune your body to that by making the small necessary external and internal changes. Very importantly, it would also help to keep a track of your HDL and triglyceride levels.
People who go through heart surgeries in the cold season can tend to have a slow recovery. It is important to be constantly in touch with your doctor for tips, advice and medical counselling.
Older people can also tend to be sad or depressive in winters, especially after they have been through a surgery. It would help if the family could assist the recovering person keeping in mind their physical, mental and emotional journey and to providing them adequate support to sail through the phase.
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