Paronychia is a kind of skin infection which occurs around the nails when an area is injured.
Paronychia is often caused by an injury caused to the area. The injury could be in form of bite or can be caused by plucking a hanging nail. Also, trimming or pushing a cuticle can also lead to an injury.
Besides these, there few other reasons that can lead to Paronychia like:
People who have fungal nail infection, are diabetic, or keep their hands in water for long periods are at a high risk of fungal paronychia.
The main symptom of paronychia is a swollen, red in colour area around the nail which consistently aches. There could also be an occurrence of blisters which are filled with pus, especially in cases of a bacterial infection.
The nail may start look detached from the finger, or may form an abnormal shape, or may turn into an abnormal colour.
If a person suffers from bacterial paronychia, soaking the nail in hot water at least 2 to 3 times a day can be of great help. It can reduce the swelling and pain. Besides, antibiotics prescribed by a doctor can also cure the problem. When the problem becomes severe, a cut is made on the finger by a doctor to drain out the puss. A part of the nail is also removed in some cases.
If a person suffers from fungal paronychia, an anti-fungal medicine may help to treat the infection. The hands must be kept dry in such cases.
When you see that the symptoms of paronychia don’t go away even after treatment it is advisable to seek medical help immediately. There can be symptoms which worsen or there can be new symptoms which develop. In both the cases getting medical help is important.
If even after you have taken proper care of the infection yet, the problem persists it is best to seek medical help. There can be some symptoms which can worsen or some new symptoms may develop.
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Read more on Paronychia Treatment.