It is well known that high blood pressure (hypertension) increases your risk of heart attack, other heart disease, stroke and kidney disease. But do you untreated high blood pressure can also affect your eyes.
High blood pressure leads to damage of the blood vessels in the retina. Retina is the part of the eye where images of the object you see are formed. Eye disease caused due to hypertension is known as hypertensive retinopathy.
The severity of eye disease is related to the level of blood pressure control that is higher the blood pressure higher is the risk of complications in eyes and eye sight. The damage to the eyes is more serious if hypertension is not well treated.
Most patients with hypertension do not have any symptoms related to eyes or vision. In most patients hypertensive retinopathy or changes in the eyes due to high blood pressure is found on routine eye exam.
Symptoms of hypertensive retinopathy may occur in some patients and includes:
Hypertensive retinopathy or changes in the eyes due to high blood pressure is mostly diagnosed during routine eye exam.
Some common signs of retinopathy include:
If you want to prevent complications in the eye due to hypertension have your blood pressure checked regularly and take your medications as advised by your doctor. Do not stop or change treatment for high blood pressure without consulting your doctor. Besides medications for high blood pressure lifestyle changes that are recommended include:
Remember that the best way to prevent and treat complications of hypertension is to adequately control your blood pressure.