The functioning of the body mainly depends on how the kidney functions. Even the slightest of a defect in kidney functioning can directly affect the operation of other parts of the body. Healthy kidneys regulate the amount of water in our bodies. It is essential to have the required water content in the body for the kidneys to function smoothly. Kidneys are critical organs to remove the excess water content from the body and regulate the need of water in the body. Senior consultant for Kidney transplants, Dr Ramesh Jain, Centre for Kidney, Saroj Super Speciality Hospital, says, “Imagine your kidneys not functioning properly. In the case of kidney dysfunction, there can be a buildup of waste material inside the body leading to chemical imbalances. Such complications can lead to renal diseases, further worsening the health of an individual.”
Types and causes of renal diseases
Wondering what leads to the dysfunctioning of the kidney even in infants in the womb? Following are a few kinds of renal diseases for your information:
- End-stage renal disease (ESRD): In this condition, the kidney stops functioning and requires dialysis for functioning. In worst cases, kidney transplant could also be the need.
- Nephritis: This condition is inflammation of the kidney, which happens due to diabetes, high blood pressure and hardening of the arteries.
- Metabolic Kidney disorder: This kidney disorder is rare to happen as it needs to be inherited from both parents.
Some of the common symptoms of renal diseases can be irregular urine pattern, passing of blood in urine and even high fever. However, kidney problems are not just found in youngsters or adults.
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About Kidney Dysplasia
This is a condition that can be found in infants while they grow in the womb. In cases of kidney dysplasia in infants, the kidneys do not develop normally. The sacs filled with fluid are called cysts, which replace healthy kidney tissue. Kidney dysplasia usually takes place in one kidney, and the infant suffering from the condition can have a healthy growth and has few health problems. The infants who suffer from dysplasia in both the kidneys do not survive the pregnancy and some of those who do, need a dialysis and kidney transplant in early stages of life.
Identifying Kidney Dysplasia In Kids
The most common symptom of kidney dysplasia includes enlargement of the kidney at the time of birth. The abnormalities caused in the urinary tract may lead to urinary tract infections. Children who suffer from kidney dysplasia may suffer from high blood pressure but, only in rare cases. Children suffering from the condition also are at a little risk of kidney cancer. Chronic kidney disease and kidney failure may develop if the child suffers from urinary problems that affect the healthy kidney. In cases where the children suffer from kidney dysplasia in only one kidney, no signs or symptoms can be seen.
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