Lazy eye or amblyopia, an eye disorder, can prove to be very dangerous of a child catches it an early age. It is not easy to recognize if a child is suffering from the disorder and even the patient does not come to know if there is a problem with the eye. Only an ophthalmologist is can diagnose and treat the condition. However, there are several measures which can be taken to prevent and diagnose the disorder.
You can test your child’s response to a moving object to diagnose the problem. Check if one eye of your child responds slowly than the other. Take a bright coloured object and move it in various directions and check the movement of your child’s eyes.
If there is a doubt that there is a problem with the alignment of your child’s eyes, a photo test can diagnose the problem clearly. Whenever you see a misalignment in the eyes, take picture. Now look at the light reflex on iris area of both the eyes. Check for the symmetry of both the eyes.
If your child is six months or older you perform a cover-uncover test to detect a problem. Make your sit on your partner’s lap and make them face you. Cover their one eye with hand without applying any pressure. Make the child look at a toy with the uncovered toy for some time. Now remove your hand and check the eye. If has to whip back into alignment then there is a problem. Repeat the same test with the other eye also.
When you patch the healthy eye it makes the brain forcefully see through the weaker eye.
According to a study a child must be made to wear the path for only 2-6 hours a day. The amount of improvement seen in the vision would be same as wearing the patch for the entire day.
The best way to prevent a lazy eye is to diagnose it at an early age.
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Read more on Lazy Eye Prevention.