Doctor Verified

Is Hormonal Contraception Safe? Here’s Everything You Need To Know

Hormonal contraception is an effective way to delay a pregnancy without causing side-effects. Read more details inside.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarUpdated at: Jan 06, 2023 13:17 IST
Is Hormonal Contraception Safe? Here’s Everything You Need To Know

Contraception has become more vital as more couples choose planned parenthood to maintain a balance in their personal and professional lives. Although using condoms or refraining from intercourse on ovulation days are popular methods of birth control, hormonal contraception has taken over that position.

According to Dr. Sharvari Mundhe, Consultant Reproductive Medicine, Milann, Sarjapur, hormonal contraception is a kind of medicine used to prevent pregnancy. It modifies the body's hormone levels, including progesterone and estrogen. This can stop the ovaries from producing eggs and thicken the cervical mucus, stopping sperm from reaching the egg. Numerous hormonal contraception methods are available, including pills, patches, injections, and intrauterine devices (IUDs). For the vast majority of people, hormonal contraception is generally safe. But they can also have adverse effects and interact with other drugs or health issues, just like any other medication. Thus, it is essential to discuss any worries you may have with your doctor, as well as the possible risks and advantages of hormonal contraception.

How Do Birth Control Pills Work?

Hormonal Contraception

When an egg that has been released from the ovary is fertilised by sperm, you become pregnant. The fertilised egg adheres to the uterus, which grows into a baby. The body's hormones regulate ovulation, the release of the egg from the ovary, and getting the uterus ready for the fertilised egg to enter. A limited quantity of synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones are present in all hormonal contraceptives, including the pill, the vaginal ring, and the patch. These hormones interfere with how the body's natural hormones work to prevent conception. Typically, the hormonal contraceptive prevents the body from ovulating. Additionally, they alter the cervical mucous to make it challenging for sperm to pass through the cervix and locate an egg. In order to make it unlikely that the fertilised egg will be implanted, they can also prevent pregnancy by altering the womb's lining.

Also Read: Popular Myths and Facts About Birth Control Methods

Types of Hormonal Contraception

Oral Contraceptives: You can adjust the doses to suit your requirements. Most contain an estrogen and a progestin ratio. They allow for both cyclical use (to induce regular menstrual cycles) and continual use (no regular menstrual cycles).

Injectable Progestin: It consists of a progestin kind that is injected as a shot every 12 weeks. After you stop taking the shots, it can take around a year to start ovulating again.

Types of Hormonal Contraception

Skin Patch: It contains progestin and estrogen that is provided weekly for three weeks, then there is a patch-free week. Women weighing more than 90 kg might see less benefit (200 pounds). Furthermore, the levels of estrogen in women using the patch may be higher than those in those using tablets. As a result, blood clot risk could increase.

Vaginal Ring: It is a tiny, flexible ring containing progestin and estrogen. Three weeks of ongoing use are followed by one week without the ring. It can be temporarily removed for sexual activity.

Progesterone Intrauterine Contraception: Progestin is contained in a tiny device that a doctor inserts into the uterine cavity. It can be removed early and used for up to five years.

Implantable Form: The doctor inserts a single progesterone-containing rod under the skin. It can be removed early and is active for up to three years.

Also Read: Do Oral Contraceptive Pills Harm Liver Health?

Final Takeaway

The most widely used method of contraception is hormonal contraception in many nations. Progestin (progesterone medication) is present in hormonal contraceptives with or without estrogen. The use of contraception has become more critical as more couples choose planned pregnancies to maintain a balance in their personal and professional lives. Some systematic methods of birth control include using condoms and refraining from sexual activity on days when ovulation occurs, but hormonal contraception has also gained acceptance.