Hormonal Acne In Teenagers: Here’s How To Manage It

A pimple is formed when clogged pores get infected or irritated. It looks like a raised, red spot with a white centre.

 Onlymyhealth Staff Writer
Written by: Onlymyhealth Staff WriterUpdated at: Nov 22, 2022 10:49 IST
Hormonal Acne In Teenagers: Here’s How To Manage It

Acne is a common problem among teenagers. When acne appears on the face, it is obvious to feel self-conscious, despite the fact that most teenagers develop it at some point. 

Teenagers with acne may feel depressed and have low self-esteem. T-zone hormonal acne is a common problem in adolescence. The T-zone includes the chin, nose, and forehead.

Teens with hormonal acne may develop blackheads, whiteheads, small pimples that turn into heads, or cysts. Cysts do not appear on the surface, rather they grow well beneath the skin. 

Factors that Cause Acne

To understand acne, one must have a basic understanding of how our skin works. There are oil glands inside the pores of the skin. When a person hits puberty, their androgen, or sex hormone level increases. The extra hormones cause your oil glands to work beyond their capacity, this leads to the enlargement of glands, and they start producing an excessive amount of oil, called sebum. When there is too much sebum, the pores or hair follicles become clogged with skin cells.

Also read: What Is Adult Acne and How To Prevent It

A pimple is formed when clogged pores get infected or irritated. It looks like a raised, red spot with a white centre. If the pore narrows, closes and then bulges, a whitehead is formed. When a pore becomes clogged, remains open, and the top darkens as a result of oxidation or exposure to the environment, a blackhead form. Skin cleanliness has nothing to do with this.

Treatment Of Acne

Acne can be treated on the basis of its severity. Mild acne can be treated with both over-the-counter drugs. It takes time to treat acne. All treatments take weeks to begin and show their effects. 

Mild acne treatments that can be used to treat over-the-counter include antibacterial skin cleansers. Though, there is no evidence that poor hygiene causes acne. Topical medicines may be beneficial. 

Although there are many over-the-counter medications for treating acne, there is less evidence to support their efficacy. People should avoid the sun when they are on medication to treat acne, as their skin might be more susceptible to UV rays.

If the acne is severe, it is better to consult a dermatologist.

Also read: Expert Talk: What Causes Hormonal Acne and How To Deal With It

Other ways to Prevent Acne

Apart from treatment recommendations, the risk of developing acne can be minimised by taking some preventive steps. One should have the following advice in mind:

  • After sweating, use mild soap, and warm water.
  • The face should be washed twice.
  • Harsh and irritating scrubs should be avoided.
  • Hands should be kept away from pimples. Touching, scraping, or picking them could aggravate and make them worse.

For people who use makeup, avoiding conditions with high humidity that cause excessive sweating and choosing water-based products that are designated as non-comedogenic are also the best choices. Washing your face too frequently can strip the skin of the essential oils that protect it from damaging external elements.

 
Image credit- Freepik
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