Burns can be caused by dry heat (such as fire), wet heat (such as steam or hot liquids), radiation, friction, heated objects, the sun, electricity, or chemicals. Burns can be superficial (first or second degree) or deep (third degree). Symptoms include reddening of the skin, swelling, blistering and pain. In third degree burns, the underlying tissue such as muscle fascia and tendons are also damaged. If the burns are extensive or third degree burns, immediate medical care is needed. If the burn area is more than 3 inches in diameter, or the burn is on face, hands, feet or genitals, you should take your child immediately to a doctor.
Minor burns (first-degree burns and second-degree burns) with an area less than 3 inches in diameter may be treated at home.
First aid for minor burn includes
Most minor burns heal without any further treatment. Change the dressing everyday and be watchful for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, fever, swelling or oozing.
For any major burns take your child to the emergency room immediately. Until you reach the hospital follow these steps:
It is important to keep your cool and also ensure that your child feels better by trying to do all you can in your capacity till you reach the hospital for further medical help.
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