Pregnancy diet does not always mean ‘eating for two’; there are women whp opt for dieting during the term even though health experts are against dieting during pregnancy. British researchers say that dieting can lower health risks during pregnanc. According to them, dietary intervention plays an important role in reduction of complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension and preterm delivery.
Dietary recommendation or the intervention is based on calorie intake, ascertaining that nutritional requirement is met. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables and pulses are to be included in the diet structure for pregnant women because they are considered healthy foods during pregnancy.
The research panel reviewed information of 44 trials, which involved assessment of pregnancy status of 7,278 women. These women underwent safety and effectiveness of weight management programs during pregnancy. Obese women, who went on a diet gained less weight and lowered their risk of dangerous complications. Moreover, babies also benefitted from the dietary interventions of their mothers. The babies didn’t get stuck in the birth canal and were born with the correct birth weight.
Weight gain is a natural phenomenon during pregnancy, but obese women should make attempts to not gain layers of fat over existing fat. This could be done by dieting. It was observed that women, who dieted or followed calorie-controlled diet developed fewer complications during pregnancy.
Obesity is one of the foremost concerns to increase the pregnancy risks. Furthermore, prenatal care also gets affected by obesity as interventions couldn’t be performed accurately. Ultrasounds and tests to determine baby's growth are skewed by the mother's fat. Therefore, it becomes difficult to keep track of baby’s development.
Accumulation of extra fat may also result in irregular periods, which won’t indicate the immediate pregnancy symptoms. When a woman doesn't know that she is pregnant, she won’t take precautions such as abstaining from alcohol, smoking and medications. The detailed study report was published in BMJ.