Most of the skin disorders have similar symptoms, but one should know how to distinguish between the details. Acne is one of the most common skin issues, but is considered as a temporary problem. Skin conditions usually cause similar symptoms like rashes, redness, bumpy, and itchy skin. It is important to visit a dermatologist if you notice signs of any skin disorder. These conditions can range from being acute or chronic. There can be several causes behind skin problems, such as environmental factors, weather changes, certain foods, etc. Here are the most common skin disorders to look out for.
Common skin disorders
Lupus is an autoimmune disorder which causes inflammation and pain but the symptoms can vary from person to person. This skin condition can affect any part of your body. The symptoms of lupus are red patches, sunburn-like rashes on the nose and cheeks, and circular rashes that might not itch or irritate. These symptoms are accompanied with other symptoms such as headache, fever, fatigue, and stiffness, swelling and pain in joints. The best treatment options for lupus are medications and alternative medicine.
Eczema mostly develops in early childhood, but it can increase in adulthood. There are many types of eczema, like atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. Eczema symptoms include rashes on the face, scalp, elbows, neck, wrists, or legs. The rashes can cause itching and may also get bumpy or change colour. In adults, the affected area of the skin gets very dry and itchy. There is no known treatment for eczema. It could resolve on its own, but medicines are available to get relief from the symptoms.
Shingles virus causes red and blistered rashes that can develop completely around your torso or appear anywhere on the body. It might be accompanied with other symptoms like fever, fatigue and headache. Shingles is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox, i.e the varicella-zoster virus. Shingles can be painful, however, a timely treatment using antivirals can help in managing the symptoms.
Hives or urticaria causes raised, red, and itchy areas on the skin. The most common causes of this skin disorder are certain medications, food, bug bites and stings. These bumps mostly disappear in 2-4 hours on their own, but in some people, hives may be chronic and bother for months or years. This condition is known as chronic urticaria. In such cases, it is important to avoid any triggers, in order to prevent hives. There are some allergy medicines that can help in managing the signs of urticaria, including itching. In October 2019, Quzyttir (cetrizine injection) was approved by the FDA to cure acute urticaria in adults, but is not recommended for children younger than 6 months.
Vitiligo can lead to a loss of pigmentation in the skin. There are various types of vitiligo but it usually causes white patches on the skin, often in areas that are exposed to sunlight. People who have vitiligo mostly lose their hair color prematurely. Currently, there is no known cure for vitiligo, but there is a range of treatments available, such as light therapy and topical medicines. The effectiveness of surgery and alternative therapy still requires more research.
Rosacea causes symptoms such as chronic swelling on the face, with redness, noticeable blood vessels, and pimples. It is one of the most common skin disorders in women more than 30 years of age, but men can get affected as well. The causes behind rosacea are issues with the immune system, vein problems and environmental factors. Antibiotics and topical creams can help in treating the condition. The treatment option depends on the symptoms of rosacea.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition and the signs mostly include itchiness on the skin, with an unusual appearance. The location of affected skin by psoriasis is different in size and severity. For instance, if a person has white complexion, the affected area of your skin would appear typically red or pink with white scales. The symptoms can be treated using various medicines, including topical creams and ointments.