5 Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases You Must Watch Out For

There are plenty of ways to get an STD. Any type of intimate contact can lead to contracting one. These five are some of the most common STDs.

Shivangi Sarkar
Written by: Shivangi SarkarUpdated at: Oct 08, 2022 11:30 IST
5 Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases You Must Watch Out For

While sex can be a lot of fun, but it also comes with some risks, with STDs or sexually transmitted diseases being one of the most common ones. Unfortunately, any type of intimate contact can lead to the contraction of an STD, so getting tested regularly is key.

Read on to learn more about them and how you can protect yourself from contracting one.


Chlamydia is a very common sexually transmitted disease. It affects both men and women and is most often seen among young adults. This infection is caused by bacteria that are present in semen, vaginal fluid, and saliva. 

It can spread through any type of sexual contact that involves these bodily fluids coming into contact with the mucous membranes of the genitals, mouth, or anus. 

If you have chlamydia and don’t get it treated, it can lead to some very serious complications. These can include infertility or the need to have a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) procedure. 

Chlamydia can be difficult to diagnose because it often doesn’t show any symptoms. If you suspect you may have been exposed to chlamydia, you can get tested at a clinic or doctor’s office.

Also Read: Know Importance of STD Screening And Detection To Protect Fertility


HPV, or human papillomavirus, can be spread through skin-to-skin contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. When you have this virus, it is called an HPV infection. 

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

HPV typically goes away on its own, but it can cause some serious health issues if it’s not treated. Some HPV infections can lead to genital warts that can look like small, flesh-colored bumps around the genitals or anus. 

They can also appear around the mouth if you have oral sex with someone who has an HPV infection. If left untreated, some forms of HPV can lead to cervical cancer in women and throat cancer in men. 

Fortunately, there are vaccines available that can prevent most people from getting infected with HPV. 


Gonorrhea is another bacteria-based sexually transmitted disease that can be spread through oral, vaginal, and anal sex. If you get gonorrhea, it can spread to other parts of your body and lead to some serious health issues. 

Some people have a yellow or green discharge from the vagina or penis, and some have painful urination. 


AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) can develop when HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is left untreated. HIV is most commonly spread through sexual activity, but it can also be transmitted through blood or other bodily fluids. 

You can lower your risk of contracting HIV by using condoms or getting tested before having sex. 

Also Read: One-Time Vaccine Can Treat AIDS, Finds Study



Syphilis is another STD that can be cured if it’s treated early. This bacterial infection can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be spread from a pregnant woman to her baby during childbirth, which is extremely dangerous. 

When you first contract syphilis, you may notice a small, painless sore at the location where you were infected. This is called a chancre. If you don’t get treatment for syphilis, the chancres can disappear, but they will still be in your system. If left untreated, syphilis has some serious long-term health implications. 

There are many diseases that can be spread through sexual contact, and these five are some of the most common.

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