When you hear kids and arthritis, am sure these two words don’t click together. However, surprisingly, juvenile arthritis is one of the major health issues being dealt all over the globe. Majorly affecting the joints and musculoskeletal system of the kids, the symptoms may be similar to the regular symptoms like swelling, pains and redness but may also have some distinctive symptoms. Before jumping on to the conclusion of treatment, one should understand the type of arthritis that kids can have. It is essential to understand the type of arthritis in kids to determine the mode of treatment and rehabilitation. Arthritis, when in advanced stages, dramatically affects the basic movement of an individual. When it comes to kid health, it is essential that we do not overlook the chances of medical conditions that we have only heard in adults.
Understanding Juvenile Arthritis
If not treated on time, this can turn into something serious and can lead to life-long medical problems. Following are the types of arthritis and its visible symptoms that children can develop:
Juvenile Dermatomyositis: Causing skin rashes on knuckles, eyelids and muscle weakness, on an average, one out of five kids are prone to this type of arthritis. Greatly affecting the overall body and its movement, it majorly targets shoulders, thighs and weakness in the trunk. All this leads to problems in climbing stairs, running and other motor movements like sitting and standing.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA): This type of arthritis in kids generally starts affecting the body before the age of 16, leading to swelling in joints for at least six weeks. These symptoms are vital signs of understanding the magnitude of arthritis. The symptoms of this type of arthritis are as follows:
Erosion of bone
Misalignment of joints
Tightening of muscles and soft tissues
The irregular growth pattern of body
For diagnosis and treatment options, the doctor will first keep a check on symptoms progressing in the first six months of the problem. As per the symptoms and regular tests like rheumatoid factor blood tests, the category of this ailment can be targeted. Following are the categories of JIA:
Also Read: Know Everything About the Swimmer’s Eye
Juvenile Scleroderma: Scleroderma, in common words, means hard skin. In this type of juvenile arthritis, skin tightens and hardens, affecting the entire body. It first affects the face, forearms, hands and fingers.
Juvenile Lupus: A disease affecting the immune system, this type of juvenile arthritis is more common in girls, affecting the kidney, skin, joints, blood and other significant areas of the body. The symptoms may range to:
Rash in the shape of a butterfly anywhere on the body
Scaly-rash on neck and face of the child
Sensitivity towards sunlight and inability to perform daily routine activities
Chest and joint pains leading to limitations in movement
Fibromyalgia: Mostly diagnosed before puberty in kids, fibromyalgia is an arthritis-related condition leading to aching and stiffness in the body. This type of juvenile arthritis also leads to fatigue, disturbed or erratic sleep patterns and chronic body pain.
Read more articles on Children's Health