Sinus headaches are a common condition that affects many people during the summer season. The rising temperatures, increased pollen levels, and other environmental factors can trigger sinus headaches, causing discomfort and pain for those who suffer from them. Let's explore the causes, symptoms, and treatments of sinus headaches in summers.
Causes Of Sinus Headaches
Sinus headaches are often caused by inflammation and congestion in the sinus cavities, which are located in the facial bones surrounding the nose and eyes. According to Dr. Manusrut, Consultant ENT and Cochlear Implant Surgeon at Yashoda Hospitals Hyderabad, sinus congestion and head congestion may sound similar, however they differ in terms of aetiology, consequences, and therapy. Sinus congestion generally causes headache, but head congestion triggers migraine.
During the summer months, the heat and humidity can exacerbate this congestion, leading to increased discomfort and pain. Additionally, higher pollen levels in the air during summer can trigger allergies, leading to nasal congestion and sinus inflammation, which can also result in sinus headaches.
Also read: Sinus Congestion vs Head Congestion: How To Differentiate Between The Two
As per MayoClinic, sinus headaches can affect anyone, but they are more common if you have any of the following:
- Previous migraine or headache episodes
- A migraine or headache family history
- Hormone alterations linked to headaches
The symptoms of sinus headaches in summers can vary from person to person, which are as follows:
- Pain and pressure in the forehead, cheeks, and around the eyes. The pain is usually worse in the morning and may be accompanied by a runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough, and fatigue.
- Some people may also experience fever, bad breath, and a reduced sense of smell and taste.
- Sinus headaches can be quite debilitating, affecting one's ability to carry out daily activities and enjoy the warm weather.
To alleviate sinus headaches during summers, there are several options available. First and foremost, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water can help thin the mucus in the sinuses and promote drainage. Avoiding triggers such as allergens, like pollen, by staying indoors during peak pollen times or wearing a mask when outdoors, can also help prevent sinus headaches.
Also read: What Is Pilonidal Sinus? Know Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Post evaluation, your ENT doctor may recommend over-the-counter nasal decongestant sprays or saline nasal rinses that can provide temporary relief by reducing nasal congestion and promoting sinus drainage. However, prolonged use of nasal decongestant sprays should be avoided, as they can lead to rebound congestion and worsen the condition in the long run.
Lifestyle changes can also help manage sinus headaches in summers. Avoiding known triggers, such as smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke, can reduce inflammation and prevent sinus congestion. Practicing good nasal hygiene, such as gently blowing your nose and avoiding nose-picking, can also help prevent further irritation and congestion of the sinuses.
If self-care measures do not provide adequate relief, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and treatment. Remember to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment if you are experiencing recurrent or severe sinus headaches.