According to a study, recurrent urination can be an early symptom of pregnancy. Urinary frequency is caused initially when progesterone and human chorionic gonadotropin levels become high (hCG).
While some pregnant women may experience minor changes, others may feel the urge to go to the bathroom frequently during the day and night.
Frequency might sometimes return later in pregnancy as the uterus and baby grow, putting strain on the bladder.
Pregnant women who have a fever or chills, or detect a burning sensation while urinating, should seek medical assistance right away because they may have a urinary tract infection (UTI). Back aches or an increase in the desire to urinate in a short period of time are two further symptoms.
Also read: Signs Of Pelvic Pain During Early Pregnancy
Let's look at the causes and symptoms of frequent urination during pregnancy, as well as how to manage and prevent it.
Although symptoms vary by individual, many pregnant women report that they need to urinate more frequently throughout their first trimester, which is from week one to week 12. As the foetus grows and presses down on the bladder, urethra, and pelvic floor muscles, some women may have leakage or stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
According to the Office on Women's Health, leakage can occur when:
- sneezing or coughing
- while laughing or lifting something
Following the implantation of an embryo in the uterus, the body releases progesterone and hCG, both of which are pregnancy hormones that can cause urgency.
The body's blood supply rises during pregnancy to nourish the foetus. About 20-25% of a person's blood filters through the kidneys and exits the body as waste or urine. The more blood a person's body generates, the more difficult it is for their kidneys to flush the additional fluid.
Another aspect that contributes to frequent urination is stress. The uterus increases, putting pressure on the bladder, urethra, and pelvic floor muscles, increasing the need to urinate.
What should be done?
Kegel exercises also known as pelvic floor exercises, can help to strengthen the pelvic and urethral muscles as well as support the bladder. Kegel exercises during pregnancy may assist some women in regaining control of their urine flow.
Under proper guidance, kegel exercises can be done safely during pregnancy and after childbirth.
To begin Kegel exercises, empty your bladder and then proceed as follows:
- Relax your stomach, chest, thighs, and buttocks.
- Tighten and hold the pelvic floor muscles for 5–10 seconds.
- Then relax your muscles for 5-10 seconds.
- Rep 10 times more.
The National Association for Continence (NAFC) suggests performing ten repetitions three times per day.
It is important to stay hydrated throughout pregnancy by consuming eight to twelve cups of water every day. However, there are a few things a pregnant woman can do to help with the flow, such as:
- Reducing fluid intake before bed
- Avoiding caffeinated beverages
- You can track bathroom breaks
- Leaning forward when urinating